History Specials


History Specials
History Specials
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  • Watch History Specials Season 3

    • Episode 2

      Last Stand of the 300

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      After Custer, Thermopylae is the most famous last stand in history. In a narrow pass in Northern Greece, seven thousand Greek soldiers await an onslaught of epic proportions. They will soon face the largest fighting force ever assembled--the war machine of the mighty Persian Empire, estimated at over a million men. The Greeks are led by three hundred of the most ferocious warriors of the ancient world--the Spartans. Their leader is the fearless King Leonidas, who after this battle would be catapulted into legend. When it is over, every Spartan in the pass will have sacrificed his life for freedom. Creating a fresh visual style and using new technologies we will dramatically recreate the significant events that lead to Thermopylae and the clash of arms.

  • Watch History Specials Season 1

    • Episode 169

      169. Ultimate WWII Weapons

      aired: Mon, May 27, 2013

      This countdown special reveals the weapons, inventions and vehicles that shaped and decided World War II. Counting down from 10 to 1, we ll provide an expert-led analysis of key game changers, from every theatre of the war.

    • Episode 168

      168. The Definitive Guide to the Mob

      aired: Sat, Apr 13, 2013

      An exciting race against time to uncover the lost wrecks of WWII's most epic campaign... the Battle of the Atlantic. Ian Lawler and a team of deep sea divers are on a mission to map the lost wrecks of the battle. But it isn't easy.

    • Episode 167

      167. What People Earn: Baseball Bats & Cowboy Hats

      aired: Sun, Mar 10, 2013

      Get ready to go on the job with the people who make iconic Stetson cowboy hats and woodworkers who create baseball bats from scratch for Major League Baseball.

    • Episode 166

      166. The Definitive Guide to the Mob

      aired: Sun, Feb 24, 2013

      Why are salaries so taboo in America? We'll finally find out--and get people to spill what's in their paychecks. Along the way, we'll meet a small business owner who turned his leather football-making hobby into a growing small business.

    • Episode 165

      165. Stories from the Road to Freedom

      aired: Sat, Feb 16, 2013

      This 2-hour special, narrated by Deon Cole, gives a fresh perspective of the black movement in America, from Emancipation to the Civil Rights era. The special uses first-hand accounts, rare audio recordings, never-before-seen archival footage.

    • Episode 164

      164. Invisible

      aired: Sun, Jan 27, 2013

      As we look at the world around us, we think we're seeing things as they really are. But in fact, our human senses can only perceive less than 1% of what's actually there. The rest is invisible. Every day, unseen rays and waves bombard us.

    • Episode 163

      163. 101 Objects that Changed the World

      aired: Sat, Jan 12, 2013

      Our lives are so full of stuff these days that the average object is instantly forgettable. But, when fate and history combine, even the simplest of objects become infused with destiny--so much so that they actually change the world.

    • Episode 162

      162. 101 Fast Foods that Changed the World

      aired: Sat, Jan 5, 2013

      Across borders, cultures and time, food is one thing that all people share. And from the time of the caveman to today s spaceman we like our food to go. While the burger and fries reign supreme in the world of fast food.

    • Episode 161

      161. 101 Inventions That Changed the World

      aired: Sat, Dec 29, 2012

      It starts with a spark, but some ideas catch fire and in the process change the world. Necessity is the mother of invention--from darkness, man found light (the candle) and from even the farthest distances we can still find each other (the telephone).

    • Episode 160

      160. 2012 the End is Now

      aired: Thu, Dec 20, 2012

      Brad Meltzer connects the dots between ancient doomsday prophecy, modern science, and human behavior to decode the real threats to humanity when an extinction event strikes.

    • Episode 159

      159. WW2 From Space

      aired: Fri, Dec 7, 2012

      This spectacular two-hour special delivers the tipping points of World War II as you ve never seen them before. The key editorial feature of the program is an all-seeing CGI eye; bringing a new visual approach to the biggest conflict of all time.

    • Episode 158

      158. Superstorm 2012: Hell And High Water

      aired: Sun, Nov 18, 2012

      Hurricane Sandy was one of the most devastating super storms to hit our shores, claiming over 160 lives and causing billions of dollars in damage. This special examines what happened when Sandy hit and how it happened.

    • Episode 157

      157. What's the Earth Worth

      aired: Thu, Oct 25, 2012

      Forged over 4.6 billion years, the Earth is stacked with valuable riches, from timber to cattle to gold. Together, these resources have built our greatest civilizations.

    • Episode 156

      156. Lost Magic Decoded

      aired: Thu, Oct 18, 2012

      Master illusionist Steve Cohen tracks down, decodes, and resurrects some of the most thrilling and terrifying magic effects ever witnessed. Magic has a secret history, and it takes an insider like Cohen to gain access to the ancient incantations.

    • Episode 155

      155. How The Earth Made Man

      aired: Thu, Oct 11, 2012

      It is mystery 4.5 billion years in the making: how has our planet transformed, and why? New clues are being discovered not in volcanoes or canyons, but inside each of us. From a case of hiccups to the sensation of deja vu to how we throw a football.

    • Episode 154

      154. Caligula: 1400 Days of Terror

      aired: Tue, Oct 9, 2012

      It only takes one person to make a difference and fewer than four years to wreak carnal havoc on the Roman Empire. Through Caligula: 1400 Days of Terror, HISTORY explores the orgies, incest and murderous acts of the 28-year-old reigning lunatic's life.

    • Episode 153

      153. How Playboy Changed the World

      aired: Tue, Oct 2, 2012

      From the boardroom to the bedroom, HISTORY hops into the Playboy realm offering viewers a tantalizing glimpse of 20th-century America's sexual reformation through the pages of this 50+-year-old empire while discovering How Playboy Changed the World.

    • Episode 152

      152. Jesse James Blacksmith

      aired: Tue, Sep 11, 2012

      Jesse James returns in Jesse James Blacksmith on HISTORY to tackle the only discipline he hasn't yet mastered - how to forge metal. Jesse travels to Israel, where 73-year-old world- renowned blacksmith Uri Hofi has agreed to mentor him.

    • Episode 151

      151. The Godfather Legacy

      aired: Tue, Jul 24, 2012

      This gripping story of an immigrant family has held us captive for 40 years. The Godfather remains one of cinema's most iconic films, and the Corleone family continues its influence on culture and HISTORY.

    • Episode 150

      150. National History Bee

      aired: Fri, Jun 1, 2012

      Who was the first U.S. President from New York? This school year, thousands of students from across the U.S. faced tough questions like this in the first annual National History Bee Competition.

    • Episode 149

      149. Titanic At 100: Mystery Solved

      aired: Sun, Apr 15, 2012

      It was called "unsinkable" and its power to fascinate remains unequalled. How was the ship wounded so quickly by an iceberg, forcing 1500 people beneath the waves of the North Atlantic? To commemorate the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic, HISTORY partnered with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute and RMS Titanic, Inc. for the most extensive exploration and imaging ever undertaken of the wreck site in Titanic at 100: Mystery Solved. For the first time, the entire ship and debris field is made visible in stunning HD and 3D-HD. CGI illustrates what happened structurally to the ship, minute by minute, after the collision. Never-before-seen views dramatically underscore this tragic history.

    • Episode 148

      148. Nazi Titanic

      aired: Sat, Apr 14, 2012

      Nazi Titanic is the amazing and unknown story of one of the most bizarre chapters of WWII. In the middle of the war, Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels, who was fascinated by the Titanic, decided to make a movie based on the sinking of the ship. This movie was so large in its scale, the Nazis were forced to divert men, materials and ships from their war effort in order to complete the film.

    • Episode 147

      147. Secret Access: Superpower

      aired: Thu, Mar 1, 2012

      From breakthrough technologies to never before seen weapons and defense systems, Secret Access: Superpower is an all-access pass to America's military might, featuring the most modern weapons taking on the age old challenges of terrorism, war, bomb threats, close combat, the deepest missions of sea and death-defying airborne fights.

    • Episode 146

      146. Going Medieval

      aired: Mon, Feb 20, 2012

      Diving deep into the life and times of the Middle Ages, historian and weapons expert Mike Loades hosts the two-hour H2 special, Going Medieval, delivering fun-filled facts such as how to keep a knight's armor shiny using sand, vinegar and urine. Loades battles the myths vs. the realities of work and home during this extraordinary time.

    • Episode 145

      145. America's Book of Secrets: The Monuments

      aired: Sun, Jan 15, 2012

      In America, behind the public facade of nine of our most famed institutions and landmark structures, there is another world that is hidden from view. The special pierces the veil of secrecy which conceals forbidden histories and fascinating insider information from the public.

    • Episode 144

      144. Proving God

      aired: Tue, Dec 13, 2011

      For centuries, science and faith have been polarized on some of the most fundamental questions in the universe, sometimes with deadly consequences. But as mankind seeks to answer the ultimate question--whether God exists--religion and science have joined in an unlikely alliance. Can new scientific discoveries and digital age technology reveal tangible proof of God?

    • Episode 143

      143. Pearl Harbor: 24 Hours After

      aired: Wed, Dec 7, 2011

      Discover the untold story of the events that occurred immediately after President Roosevelt received the call that Pearl Harbor had been attacked. New evidence from the FDR Library reveals the true panic that gripped the White House and shook the nation.

    • Episode 142

      142. Pirate Island

      aired: Sun, Nov 20, 2011

      Haven, graveyard, legend and lore. History was made and lies buried on Pirate Island - the coral ringed Isle Saint Marie off the coast of Madagascar that sheltered the world's most ruthless 18th century pirates. This real Treasure Island was home for pirates like Captain Kidd, who continue to capture our modern day imagination, and sailed from this very real place in history.

    • Episode 141

      141. Engineering Evil

      aired: Tue, Nov 15, 2011

      Two years ago, a German family cleaning their attic discovered the original blueprints to one of history's most gruesome constructions - Auschwitz. The diagrams, never before seen on television, illustrate in painstaking detail the methods behind the madness of the Holocaust.

    • Episode 140

      140. Zombies: A Living History

      aired: Tue, Oct 25, 2011

      Most people believe zombies are a recent phenomenon that grew out of comic books, movies and TV. The truth is very different. This two-hour special explores the real story of zombies beginning at the dawn of civilization and continuing right through to today. The first written reference to zombies can be found in the Epic of Gilgamesh, mankind's oldest work of literature.

    • Episode 138

      138. History of the World in Two Hours

      aired: Thu, Oct 6, 2011

      A rapid-fire history of our world, from the beginning of time as we know it to present day. This two-hour CGI-driven special delves into the key turning points: the formation of earth, emergence of life, spread of man and the growth of civilization--and reveals their surprising connections to our world today.

    • Episode 137

      137. The Stoned Ages

      aired: Wed, Sep 21, 2011

      From the early cave dwellers who first stumbled upon psychedelic mushrooms to the over 6000-year-old tradition of opium cultivation in the East to a modern pharmaceutical industry with over 24,000 drugs on the market, drugs have played a role in our lives since well before recorded human history.

    • Episode 136

      136. Scammed

      aired: Wed, Sep 14, 2011

      Get inside the world of cons as Paul Wilson, aka the "World's Greatest Con Man," exposes the complicated schemes and straightforward hustles that have plagued unsuspecting people throughout history, showing how many of these scams survived - and evolved to be brutally effective with the help of modern technology.

    • Episode 135

      135. Making The 9/11 Memorial

      aired: Sun, Sep 11, 2011

      The only structure at Ground Zero that will be completed by the tenth anniversary of the attacks is the National September 11 Memorial, a modern marvel that pays tribute to the thousands who lost their lives on 9/11. Led by architect Michael Arad and contractor Chris Powers, this special tour documents history in the making.

    • Episode 134

      134. Voices From Inside the Towers

      aired: Sat, Sep 10, 2011

      On September 11, 2001, American Flight 11 crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center. Within minutes, a deluge of phone calls flooded the outside world. With new access to the voice recordings left by victims and survivors, this two-hour special provides a moving account of what was happening inside the towers that awful day.

    • Episode 133

      133. 9/11: The Days After

      aired: Fri, Sep 9, 2011

      HISTORY chronicles the days, weeks and decade after the worst terrorist attack in our history. Rarely seen and unexpected archival material from around the world is combined with natural sound to capture the themes and threads that continue to define life after 9/11.

    • Episode 132

      132. Targeting Bin Laden

      aired: Tue, Sep 6, 2011

      HISTORY's global television event tells the inside story of the operation to hunt and kill Osama bin Laden. From decision-making in the White House to the attack on the compound in Abbottabad, How We Got Bin Laden brings the most compelling story in recent history to life for the first time.

    • Episode 131

      131. Secret Access: UFOs On The Record

      aired: Thu, Aug 25, 2011

      Some believe the earliest documentation of alien visitation to Earth exists in prehistoric cave paintings and petroglyphs, where drawings of strange humanoid figures feature distinctively non-human attributes and anatomy, including helmets and other accoutrements too advanced to be from the ancient world.

    • Episode 130

      130. You Don't Know Dixie

      aired: Wed, Aug 17, 2011

      The idea that history is written by the victors is perhaps nowhere more true than in the aftermath of the American Civil War. The Union's defeat of the Confederacy brought the southern states back into the American fold, but in many ways, the two regions would remain divided, the North inheriting the credit for its impact on history.

    • Episode 129

      129. Meat America

      aired: Wed, Jul 27, 2011

      Jamie Stachowski, the maestro of meat, lifts the lid on the American melting pot to see what's cooking. Beef, Pork and Chicken, the meats Jamie calls the "Usual Suspects" are definitely in the mix, but these animals weren't even on the continent before Columbus discovered the New World.

    • Episode 128

      101 Gadgets That Changed the World

      aired: Wed, Jun 15, 2011

      The history of the gadget is both the history of invention and the history of men's lives. What alpha male doesn't remember when they achieved mastery of the iPhone, the Swiss Army Knife, the Walkman, the condom? And while gadgets act as milestones in our personal narratives, what goes unnoticed is that gadgets can also change the course of history.

    • Episode 127

      127. Lee & Grant

      aired: Tue, May 31, 2011

      Produced by Civil War historian Winston Groom, Lee and Grant is a personal look at the war's two iconic leaders, Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee, revealing the bold choices and almost godlike power that defined these two men, who both turned the tide of the war and changed American history.

    • Episode 126

      126. Gettysburg

      aired: Mon, May 30, 2011

      Commemorating the 150th anniversary of the Civil War, this epic two-hour special, executive produced by Tony Scott and Ridley Scott, replaces romanticized views of the past with raw, immersive and emotional stories of the soldiers who fought the war an event that changed the fate of our nation.

    • Episode 125

      125. Custer's Last Man: I Survived Little Big Horn

      aired: Wed, May 4, 2011

      New evidence is highlighted that there may have been a lone survivor of the iconic Battle of Little Big Horn whose account of 'Custer's Last Stand' changes our view of that historical day. Who was the female Cheyenne warrior who struck Custer's fatal blow? Why did he leave his ultimate weapons, three Gatlin guns, on the boat that took him West?

    • Episode 124

      124. Jesus The Lost 40 Days

      aired: Wed, Apr 20, 2011

      According to the Bible, Jesus Christ spent 40 days on Earth after his resurrection that first Easter Sunday. Yet the New Testament devotes only a few paragraphs to this pivotal time period. What did Jesus do and say during those incredible 40 days, and can his words then contain his most important teachings now?

    • Episode 123

      123. The Lost Kennedy Home Movies

      aired: Wed, Jul 6, 2011

      Gathered from archives and attics and now seen for the first time, these extremely-rare home movies tell the story of the children of Joseph and Rose Kennedy, as they grew up in the 1930s and 40s through November 1963, and include scenes of the last weekend Jack and Jackie Kennedy spent with Caroline and John, Jr., just two weeks before Dallas.

    • Episode 122

      122. Weird Warfare

      aired: Wed, Apr 6, 2011

      Throughout history, mankind's ingenuity has pursued better ways to kill enemies and win wars. But hidden by our more famous inventions lie some highly unusual, sometimes unbelievable efforts. This special reveals the most absurd, ridiculous and radical examples of warfare ever recorded.

    • Episode 121

      121. Secret Access: The Vatican

      aired: Wed, Mar 30, 2011

      What happens inside the Vatican continues to compel billions of people and change history -- but few get to see it.

    • Episode 120

      120. Journey to the Center of the Earth

      aired: Wed, Mar 23, 2011

      Civilization's final frontier may not be the furthest reaches of space, but the inner world underground. So far, the deepest humans have ventured is just a 500th of the way to the Earth's core. Using CGI, live action, and archives viewers will explore awesome natural wonders, bizarre life forms, and triumphs of human engineering -- all while traveling 5,000 miles to the center of the Earth.

    • Episode 119

      119. It's Good to be President

      aired: Mon, Feb 21, 2011

      We Americans like to think we know our President. We followed him during the campaign, invited him into our living rooms during countless televised appearances and even learned about his cholesterol count after each annual physical at Bethesda.

    • Episode 118

      118. Reagan

      aired: Wed, Feb 9, 2011

      As we approach what would have been President Ronald Reagan's 100th birthday in 2011, some say the totality of the man is still eclipsed by the myth. Some call him a hero, and others an empty suit, one thing is for certain - President Reagan made history. But what made him?

    • Episode 117

      117. Bigfoot: The Definitive Guide

      aired: Wed, Feb 2, 2011

      A team of top scientists come together with one goal: to create the definitive guide to Bigfoot. Does the creature exist? And if it does where is it? And how can it survive without being detected?

    • Episode 116

      116. 10.0 Megaquake

      aired: Wed, Jan 12, 2011

      Scientists offer insight into how and where a 10.0 megaquake could strike. This two-hour History special explores one of the most deadly and perplexing mysteries that surrounds planet earth: huge megaquakes.

    • Episode 115

      115. Prophets of Doom

      aired: Wed, Jan 5, 2011

      Today's world has troubles unique to its time in history, from the global financial crisis to technological meltdowns to full-scale, computerized global war. HISTORY profiles three men "modern prophets" from different disciplines and with different theories who all believe America is on the decline, and will ultimately meet its end.

    • Episode 114

      114. Third Reich: Third Fall

      aired: Wed, Dec 15, 2010

      How did the Germans experience the Allied victory in WWII? Rarely-and never-before-seen amateur films recount the catastrophic downfall of the Third Reich through the eyes of the people who lived it: the Germans themselves.

    • Episode 113

      113. Third Reich: The Rise

      aired: Tue, Dec 14, 2010

      A unique perspective on the rise of Nazi Germany and how millions of people were so vulnerable to fascism, told through rare and never-before-seen amateur films shot by the Germans who were there.

    • Episode 112

      112. The President's Book of Secrets

      aired: Wed, Dec 1, 2010

      Moments after the President of the United States is sworn into office he gains access to "The Nuclear Football," a briefcase that contains the most volatile top-secret information in the world--America's nuclear launch codes.

    • Episode 106

      106. Jefferson

      aired: Tue, Aug 24, 2010

      Thomas Jefferson is the most researched, most written about, most referenced, and most quoted of our Founding Fathers. And yet, somehow, he remains the most stubbornly inscrutable. Embrace and celebrate the third president's complicated life and legacy in the two-hour HISTORY documentary, Jefferson.

    • Episode 105

      105. Gates of Hell

      aired: Tue, Aug 17, 2010

      There are six places on Earth believed to be actual entrances into Hell. They include a volcano in Iceland, a cave in the jungles of Central America, and a lake of fire in Africa. According to ancient myth and Christian legend, each is a passage to a terrifying underworld for the damned. Even today, some believe they are still portals.

    • Episode 104

      104. Most Extreme Airports

      aired: Tue, Jul 20, 2010

      A strip of land fought over for centuries by England and Spain creates a nightmare of historic proportion for airline pilots. Gibraltar Airport's powerful winds and short runway --complete with ground traffic -- make it one of the world's most treacherous.

    • Episode 103

      103. Afraid of the Dark

      aired: Tue, Jul 6, 2010

      Go back to a time before the invention of artificial light and experience a world petrified in the pitch of darkness...when fear ruled the night. Throughout the ages, real and imagined terror existed in the absence of light, and nighttime was anything but relaxing between the brutal bandits and horrors of the devil, werewolves and vampires.

    • Episode 102

      102. 10 Ways to Kill Bin Laden

      aired: Tue, Jun 29, 2010

      This is the inside story of the 10 ways the US government has tried to capture or kill the most wanted man in history--Osama bin Laden. Some of the planners and military personnel involved in the hunt tell their stories, many for the first time.

    • Episode 101

      101. Who Really Discovered America?

      aired: Tue, Jun 22, 2010

      Did other explorers beat Columbus to our shores? New evidence suggests that America may have been discovered -- and rediscovered -- by Asian, Celtic, and Polynesian tribes, among others. Dramatic recreations augment the story of these amazing journeys.

    • Episode 100

      100. The Real Robin Hood

      aired: Tue, May 11, 2010

      The Real Robin Hood probes the fascinating history behind the man and the myths of this legendary hero. Coinciding with the 5/14/10 Universal release of the film Robin Hood starring Russell Crowe and Cate Blanchett, director Ridley Scott also produces this dynamic two-hour television special.

    • Episode 50

      50. How The States Got Their Shapes

      aired: Tue, Apr 6, 2010

      Every shape on the map tells a story about our past. Why does Oklahoma have a panhandle? Because of shifting borders for slavery. Why does Missouri have a boot? Because of a massive earthquake. HISTORY goes beyond the observable in How the States Got Their Shapes to reveal America's unique geography, political and social history.

    • Episode 48

      48. The Real Face of Jesus

      aired: Tue, Mar 30, 2010

      In May 2010, the Shroud of Turin will be put on public display for the first time in ten years. The Real Face of Jesus? documents a team of graphic artists as it uses cutting-edge 3D software to bring this holy relic, which many believe Jesus Christ was buried in, to life unveiling the most accurate image of Jesus Christ ever seen.

    • Episode 34

      102 Minutes That Changed America

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      A new historical record is emerging of the sights and sounds of the attack on the World Trade Center. This two-hour special will distinguish itself from other 9/11 documentaries by using only unique and rarely seen and heard archive to document the 102 minutes between the first attack on the World Trade Center to the collapse of the second tower. This will be a lasting document whose unique material comes from a range of non-traditional sources, including amateur photography, video, and film; FDNY, NYPD, Port Authority and emergency dispatch radio recordings, photography and video; recorded voicemails; audio/video diaries; footage and stills broadcast or published outside the United States; electronic messages; surveillance camera footage; and "outtakes" culled from raw network footage.

    • Episode 3

      101 Gadgets That Changed the World

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The history of the gadget is both the history of invention and the history of men's lives. What alpha male doesn't remember when they achieved mastery of the iPhone, the Swiss Army Knife, the Walkman, the condom? And while gadgets act as milestones in our personal narratives, what goes unnoticed is that gadgets can also change the course of history. How many people know that the transistor radio created rock and roll, or that the audio-cassette overthrew the Shah of Iran? Find out the historically game-changing stories behind the gadgets we now take for granted, from the combination lock to the zippo lighter, to the bra. Experts offer their insights into the gadgets that inspired, amused or confused them as HISTORY conducts a fun, fact-filled countdown to reveal the single most influential gadget ever invented.

  • Episodes

    • Episode 151

      History Specials: The Godfather Legacy

      aired: Wed, Sep 12, 2012

      The gripping story of an immigrant family that's held us captive for decades continues to make

    • Episode 150

      History Specials: National History Bee

      aired: Wed, Sep 12, 2012

      Who was the first U.S. President from New York? What pre-Revolutionary event involved an

    • Episode 148

      History Specials: Nazi Titanic

      aired: Tue, Apr 17, 2012

      Nazi Titanic is the amazing and unknown story of one of the most bizarre chapters of WWII. In the middle of the war, Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels, who was fascinated by the Titanic, decided to make a movie based on the sinking of the ship. This movie was so large in its scale, the Nazis were forced to divert men, materials and ships from their war effort in order to complete the film. Over the course of production, Herbert Selpin, the movie's original director, clashed with Goebbels over their differing visions for the project. Selpin was arrested by the Gestapo and found dead in his cell the next day. Nazi Titanic reveals this little-known story by investigating the making of the film, what happened to the original, as well as the Ally sinking of the Arcona - the German liner used in the film to represent the Titanic - just days before the end of WWII, and how one Hollywood movie used footage from the Nazi-film to portray the sinking of the Titanic.

    • Episode 147

      History Specials: Secret Access: Superpower

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      From breakthrough technologies to never before seen weapons and defense systems, Secret Access: Superpower is an all-access pass to America's military might, featuring the most modern weapons taking on the age old challenges of terrorism, war, bomb threats, close combat, the deepest missions of sea and death-defying airborne fights. Hosted by actor/director and military enthusiast, Peter Berg, along with Peter Singer, the noted defense expert and NY Times best-selling author, this two-hour special leads viewers down the war path of America's most remarkable munitions of past and present in an exciting and surprise-filled journey behind the scenes of the world's last remaining superpower.

    • Episode 146

      History Specials: Going Medieval

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      In this two-hour H2 special, historian and weapons expert Mike Loades goes medieval diving deep into the world of the Middle Ages. From the 5th to the 15th centuries, Mike battles the realities vs. the myths of this extraordinary time crusading for the core of real life while delivering fun-filled facts. From living, working and fighting to how to keep a knight's armor shiny using a vigorous rub of sand, vinegar and urine, Going Medieval is an expert account of life during medieval times.

    • Episode 145

      History Specials: America's Book of Secrets: The Monuments

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      In America, behind the public facade of nine of our most famed institutions and landmark structures, there is another world that is hidden from view. The special pierces the veil of secrecy which conceals forbidden histories and fascinating insider information from the public. Go behind the walls of the Washington Monument to reveal a series of secret symbols and codes, one which was put there by one of the world's most mysterious societies. Dig deep into the dark past of Governor's Island and unearth another possible motive for the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. While in the heart of America, the Book of Secrets will uncover the shadowy past of the architect behind the St. Louis Gateway Arch and show how it relates to a theory that the Arch contains mystical powers which ultimately control the weather. Through exclusive channels of access and deep research, viewers will be taken behind the locked doors of seemingly familiar places, into worlds they weren't intended to see.

    • Episode 144

      History Specials: Proving God

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      For centuries, science and faith have been polarized on some of the most fundamental questions in the universe, sometimes with deadly consequences. But as mankind seeks to answer the ultimate question--whether God exists--religion and science have joined in an unlikely alliance. Can new scientific discoveries and digital age technology reveal tangible proof of God? From the far reaches of the cosmos to the inner working of the human mind, scientists and believers around the world are using science to open new frontiers in this ultimate quest.

    • Episode 143

      History Specials: Pearl Harbor: 24 Hours After

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      This momentous special reveals the untold story of the little-known, yet pivotal, events that occurred after President Roosevelt received the call that Pearl Harbor had been attacked on December 7, 1941. Author Steve Gillon (The Kennedy Assassination: 24 Hours After) has unearthed new evidence from the FDR Library that shows the true panic that gripped the White House and shook the nation. Fearing an aerial attack in Washington, D.C., the underfunded U.S. Army assembled wooden sticks on the White House roof to resemble weapons from above. Concerned that a Japanese assassin might try to take Roosevelt's life as they drove him to Congress to deliver his speech, the Treasury Department used a bulletproof car confiscated from Al Capone. For the first time, the FDR library provides details that offer an intimate look at the paralyzed man behind the presidency, and how he had to be lifted out of bed and placed in braces and straps to hold him upright during his pivotal December 7th speech when he declared it a date which will live in infamy.

    • Episode 142

      History Specials: Pirate Island

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Haven, graveyard, legend and lore. History was made and lies buried on Pirate Island – the coral ringed Isle Saint Marie off the coast of Madagascar that sheltered the world's most ruthless 18th century pirates. This real Treasure Island was home for pirates like Captain Kidd, who continue to capture our modern day imagination, and sailed from this very real place in history. This two-hour special voyages with underwater explorer Barry Clifford as he dives for treasure on sunken pirate ships and reveals secrets on land of hidden pirate tunnels, forbidden graveyards and mysterious symbols. Interlaced with reenactments of the pirates’ lives and exploits in the busy shipping lanes of the Indian Ocean, Pirate Island offers a wealth of modern-day adventure.

    • Episode 141

      History Specials: Engineering Evil

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Two years ago, a German family cleaning their attic discovered the original blueprints to one of history's most gruesome constructions - Auschwitz. The diagrams, never before seen on television, illustrate in painstaking detail the methods behind the madness of the Holocaust. While the Holocaust has become a symbol of man's gravest inhumanity, it was as much an elaborate machine as any of man's other inventions.

    • Episode 140

      History Specials: Zombies: A Living History

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Most people believe zombies are a recent phenomenon that grew out of comic books, movies and TV. The truth is very different. This two-hour special explores the real story of zombies beginning at the dawn of civilization and continuing right through to today. The first written reference to zombies can be found in the Epic of Gilgamesh, mankind's oldest work of literature. A look at both the old and new testaments of The Bible reveal numerous stories of the undead. We'll detail how Europe's Black Plague became one of the most prolific periods for myths and legends about zombies. Find out why Viking legends believed zombies were nearly indestructible except by decapitation or immolation. Examine other zombie legends from around the world, including secret stories of China's Terra Cotta Warriors and the voodoo rituals of Haiti. See how modern science added a whole new twist on zombies beginning with Mary Shelley's Frankenstein.

    • Episode 138

      History Specials: History of the World in Two Hours

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      A rapid-fire history of our world, from the beginning of time as we know it to present day. This two-hour CGI-driven special delves into the key turning points: the formation of earth, emergence of life, spread of man and the growth of civilization--and reveals their surprising connections to our world today.

    • Episode 137

      History Specials: The Stoned Ages

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      From the early cave dwellers who first stumbled upon psychedelic mushrooms to the over 6000-year-old tradition of opium cultivation in the East to a modern pharmaceutical industry with over 24,000 drugs on the market, drugs have played a role in our lives since well before recorded human history. Explore the reasons we've used drugs through the ages, while considering the devastating consequences that accompany the choice to use certain drugs. This fascinating, fresh, and insightful documentary will ask the question: overall, have drugs done more to help us or hurt us? Host Dean Norris will journey through the millennia and look in on the greatest civilizations in human history to discover if drugs helped these societies flourish or fail and whether drug use was holy or hedonistic, a savior or a curse?

    • Episode 136

      History Specials: Scammed

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      There are essentially five cons that are the basis for every swindle since the dawn of man; today's Nigerian email scam is nothing more than a derivation of a Spanish conquistador's bait-and-switch con that started more than 600 years ago. In Scammed, Paul Wilson, dubbed the "World's Greatest Con Man," and his team take a detailed look inside the complicated schemes and micro-cons that have plagued unsuspecting people for hundreds, even thousands of years, showing how many of these scams not only survived but evolved to be brutally effective with the help of modern technology. In each episode, Paul plays out long cons on designated marks so that he can help expose the cons, hustles and schemes that have victimized so many people, while teaching others how to avoid them. Though the tricks may be the same, the stakes are higher; nowadays more than money is on the line. Social security numbers, bank account information, and loads of private information are there for the taking... but only if you let a con man in.

    • Episode 135

      History Specials: Making the 9/11 Memorial

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      HISTORY'S commitment to honoring the memories of 9/11 continues with a modern marvel. The only structure at Ground Zero that will be completed by the tenth anniversary of the attacks is the National September 11 Memorial. Situated on eight acres within the footprints of the Twin Towers, two 30-foot waterfalls will cascade into below-surface reflecting pools, reminiscent of the voids left after the attacks. An illuminated bronze parapet inscribed with the names of the nearly 3,000 people who lost their lives on 9/11 and in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing will surround each of the two squares, and a landscaped memorial plaza forested with hundreds of oak trees will form a park-like space around them. Architect Michael Arad goes onsite to describe the design behind his work, and contractor Chris Powers discusses the engineering challenges he faced when bringing Arad's design to life. As the largest pieces of the memorial are trucked into the city and put into place, this one-hour tour documents history in the making.

    • Episode 134

      History Specials: Voices from Inside the Towers

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      At 8:46 a.m. on September 11, 2001, American Flight 11 crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center. Within minutes, a deluge of telephone calls flooded the outside world. Through the voice recordings left by victims of the attacks, Voices From Inside the Towers, a two-hour special from HISTORY, provides for the first time a moving and emotional record of what was taking place inside the towers. With new access to phone messages, both sides of 9-1-1 emergency assistance conversations, survivor stories, and vivid recollections by families of their loved ones' last words, Voices From Inside the Towers combines those fateful moments into a minute-by-minute inside account of what happened after the planes struck. Among the stories: a young man still anguished that he let his brother's last call go to voicemail; a father who had one last heartfelt farewell with his daughter; a wife who finds comfort knowing her husband had a chance to say goodbye; and another wife who, fearing the worst after hearing a frightening message, was relieved to learn her husband had gotten out of the tower in time.

    • Episode 133

      History Specials: 9/11: The Days After

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The world changed irrevocably on 9/11. HISTORY shows us how. Following in the storytelling tradition of the Emmy Award-winning 102 Minutes That Changed America, 9/11: The Days After chronicles not only the hours, days and weeks after the worst terrorist attack in American history, but also the decade that followed. Beginning on September 12, 2001 - a Wednesday unlike any other - the special uses rarely seen and unexpected archival material from around the world to capture the themes that define us after the attacks and demonstrates how our lives were forever cleaved into "before 9/11" and "after."

    • Episode 132

      History Specials: Targeting Bin Laden

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      He was the world's most wanted terrorist, and his death ended the costliest manhunt in American history. On the 10th anniversary of 9/11, HISTORY tells the inside story of the operation to hunt and kill Osama bin Laden. From decision-making in the White House to SEAL Team Six's attack on the compound in Abbottabad, Targeting Bin Laden weaves minute-by-minute strategies, dangerous tension and explosive action into a compelling drama-documentary. Probing interviews with key politicians, spies, generals, special force operatives, and al Qaeda experts in the U.S. and Pakistan combine rigorous journalistic standards with state-of-the art filmmaking to bring the most compelling story in recent history to life for the first time.

    • Episode 131

      History Specials: Secret Access: UFOs On the Record

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Some believe the earliest documentation of alien visitation to Earth exists in prehistoric cave paintings and petroglyphs, where drawings of strange humanoid figures feature distinctively non-human attributes and anatomy, including helmets and other accoutrements too advanced to be from the ancient world.

    • Episode 130

      History Specials: You Don't Know Dixie

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The idea that history is written by the victors is perhaps nowhere more true than in the aftermath of the American Civil War. The Union's defeat of the Confederacy brought the southern states back into the American fold, but in many ways, the two regions would remain divided, the North inheriting the credit for its impact on history.

    • Episode 127

      History Specials: Lee & Grant

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Produced with the cooperation of leading Civil War historian and Forrest Gump author Winston Groom, Lee and Grant is a personal look at the two iconic leaders of the Civil War. Surprising details reveal the bold choices and almost godlike power Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee summoned on decisive battlefields like Vicksburg and Gettysburg that, within days of each other, turned the tide of the war and changed the course of American history.

    • Episode 126

      History Specials: Gettysburg

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here." Abraham Lincoln's iconic Gettysburg Address frames this epic, two-hour HISTORY special, commemorating the 150th anniversary of the Civil War. Executive produced by Tony Scott and Ridley Scott, Gettysburg looks at the battle from a visceral new perspective, that of the everyday soldiers who fought there, in a confrontation that changed the fate of our nation. Stripping away the romanticized veneer of past treatments, Gettysburg conveys new information and honors the sacrifice of those, both North and South, who fought and died in battle. Raw, immersive and emotional, this groundbreaking event puts viewers inside the three-day conflict where over 50,000 men paid the ultimate price.

    • Episode 125

      History Specials: Custer's Last Man: I Survived Little Big Horn

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      New evidence is highlighted that there may have been a lone survivor of the iconic Battle of Little Big Horn whose account of ‘Custer's Last Stand' changes our view of that historical day. Who was the female Cheyenne warrior who struck Custer's fatal blow? Why did he leave his ultimate weapons, three Gatlin guns, on the boat that took him West? HISTORY raises old questions and reveals startling new truths in Custer's Last Man: I Survived Little Big Horn.

    • Episode 124

      History Specials: Jesus: The Lost 40 Days

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      According to the Bible, Jesus Christ spent 40 days on Earth after his resurrection that first Easter Sunday. Astonishingly, the New Testament is practically silent on what happened during this period. Why are only a few scattered paragraphs devoted to perhaps the most central, most defining and miraculous event in Christianity? And more importantly, what did Jesus do and say during those incredible 40 days? Jesus: The Lost 40 Days is a new investigation into this missing time period. Could Christ's words during those 40 days contain his most important teachings? Why is none of it in the Gospels? Could there have been a conspiracy to exclude this information? For the first time, viewers will see all that recorded history can reveal about those 40 days as HISTORY attempts to unravel a centuries-old mystery and further our understanding of the amazing life-and-death events surrounding one of history's most prominent figures.

    • Episode 123

      History Specials: The Lost Kennedy Home Movies

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Through remarkable home movies, gathered from archives and attics and now seen for the first time, The Lost Kennedy Home Movies tells the story of the children of Joseph and Rose Kennedy as they grew up in the 1930s and '40s and later burst into the national spotlight during the political careers of John, Robert and Ted Kennedy. The special concludes in November 1963, with scenes of the last weekend John and Jackie Kennedy spent with Caroline and John, Jr., just two weeks before JFK's assassination in Dallas. The extremely rare home movies, transferred to HD, create a revealing and emotional portrait of the "first generation" Kennedy family, with warmth and humor, in moments of sports and leisure, and in scenes of reflection and exploration. Also featured is behind-the-scenes footage of the family at their Hyannis Port and Palm Beach homes, and on trips to Europe and Asia, as well as never-before-seen home movies filmed by Robert and Ethel Kennedy in the early 1950s.

    • Episode 122

      History Specials: Weird Warfare

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Weird Warfare takes you on an extreme journey through warfare history. From centuries-old strategies to modern-day shock tactics, this special reveals the unbelievable lengths people go to in order to conquer enemies and win wars. Discover the ancient practice of balloon bombings that began during WWII. Did these attempts prove to be ingenuous or useless? Find out when HISTORY traces the most radical and ridiculous examples of warfare ever recorded.

    • Episode 121

      History Specials: Secret Access: The Vatican

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Secret Access: The Vatican provides a revealing look at the inner workings of the Vatican, from the secret archives to the Swiss guards, as well as some of the treasures locked inside. Building on the success of The White House: Behind Closed Doors and Secret Access: Air Force One, this HISTORY special provides unique access into one of the world's most elusive locations. See what is housed under the 110-acre site as an ongoing excavation of an ancient cemetery that the Vatican was built upon uncovers priceless artifacts, including the bones of St. Peter himself. Go inside the Vatican Secret Archives a collection of rooms and libraries containing some of history's priceless documents. And get to know Vatican security: the top-of-the-line procedures and practices utilized by a combination of Swiss Guards (elite guards to the Pope), Vatican police, and Italian police that keep the Pope and Vatican safe.

    • Episode 120

      History Specials: Journey to the Earth's Core

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Civilization's final frontier may not be the furthest reaches of space, but the inner world underground. So far, the deepest humans have ventured is just a 500th of the way to the Earth's core. Through CGI, live action and archive, HISTORY will take viewers on a jaw-dropping descent nearly 5,000 miles to the center of the Earth. Along the way, we'll explore some awesome natural wonders, encounter bizarre ancient life forms, witness eye-popping triumphs of human engineer, savor the reality of humanity's greatest and strangest underground endeavors, and, at the core, find one of the keys to life itself.

    • Episode 119

      History Specials: It's Good to Be the President

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      We Americans like to think we know our President. We followed him during the campaign, invited him into our living rooms during countless televised appearances and even learned about his cholesterol count after each annual physical at Bethesda.

    • Episode 118

      History Specials: Reagan

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Americans know President Ronald Reagan's politics, his policies, and his oratorical prowess. But as we approach what would have been his 100th birthday in February 2011, the totality of the legacy of America's 40th president is still eclipsed by the myth. While some say he's a hero, and others call him an empty suit, one thing is for certain - President Ronald Reagan made history. But what made him? Using rare archival footage and personal interviews with those who knew him best, Reagan goes beyond the myth to reveal the epic story of an unforgettable man who, against all odds, rose to the pinnacle of power.

    • Episode 117

      History Specials: Bigfoot: The Definitive Guide

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Is something unknown out there? For centuries, reports of a large, hairy ape-like creature have been documented across the globe. HISTORY follows scientists as they gather data from thousands of sightings of this elusive creature stretching over hundreds of years. Using state-of-the-art technology, these experts map every recorded sighting of Bigfoot's presence on a one-of-a-kind, 4-D global map. Is this mysterious creature a natural phenomenon, a human anomaly, a legend or just a hoax? Watch Bigfoot: The Definitive Guide as we uncover the hidden truth behind the most infamous footprints on earth.

    • Episode 116

      History Specials: Megaquake 10.0

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Scientists offer insight into how and where a 10.0 megaquake could strike. This two-hour History special explores one of the most deadly and perplexing mysteries that surrounds planet earth: huge megaquakes.The largest quake ever recorded was a 9.5 earthquake off of Chile in 1960, but new research shows how even larger quakes close to 10.0 just might be possible. Through expert interviews with top earthquake experts and cutting edge scientific experiments, the special reveals that over 3 billion people on earth are in immediate danger from the next big one and how a real 10.0 might actually happen on US soil -- in places you might not expect.

    • Episode 115

      History Specials: Prophets of Doom

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Today's world has troubles unique to its time in history, from the global financial crisis to technological meltdowns to full-scale, computerized global war. HISTORY® profiles three men "modern prophets" from different disciplines and with different theories who all believe America is on the decline, and will ultimately meet its end.

    • Episode 114

      History Specials: Third Reich: The Fall

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      How did the Germans experience the Allied victory in WWII? Rarely-and never-before-seen amateur films recount the catastrophic downfall of the Third Reich through the eyes of the people who lived it: the Germans themselves.

    • Episode 113

      History Specials: Third Reich: The Rise

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      A unique perspective on the rise of Nazi Germany and how millions of people were so vulnerable to fascism, told through rare and never-before-seen amateur films shot by the Germans who were there.

    • Episode 112

      History Specials: The President's Book of Secrets

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Moments after the President of the United States is sworn into office he gains access to "The Nuclear Football," a briefcase that contains the most volatile top-secret information in the world--America's nuclear launch codes.

    • Episode 111

      History Specials: WWII: The Air War

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The untold story of the American 8th Air Force's bloody battle to defeat the German Luftwaffe in the months leading up to D-Day. Told through the gripping, first person accounts of three American airmen and Stars & Stripes reporter Andy Rooney, this special showcases breathtaking aerial combat--original, color footage, never before seen by most Americans--of the B-17s Flying Fortresses, P-47 Thunderbolts and P-51 Mustangs on missions such as Regensburg, Schweinfurt and Berlin. Never-before-seen 8mm footage of the airmen on the bases, the devastation in Germany, and the Luftwaffe perspective is also highlighted. Flying 25,000 feet above the earth in oxygen-devoid air, and temperatures as low as 50 below zero, the 8th Air Force fought a war unlike anything ever before experienced. By the end, they would suffer more than 26,000 combat deaths--more than the US Marines lost in all of World War II. Narrated by Emmy® nominated actor, Rob Lowe.

    • Episode 110

      History Specials: Marijuana: A Chronic History

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      America's number one cash crop isn't tobacco or even wheat - it's marijuana! And while recreational use of pot is still illegal, everyone seems to be using it, and a lot of people are making money from it. In this two-hour special event, HISTORY examines the true story of America's chronic relationship with weed, from the growers who supply it to the millions who use it; Marijuana: A Chronic History is an unprecedented journey through marijuana's past, present and future.

    • Episode 109

      History Specials: I Am Alive: Surviving the Andes Plane Crash

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      On Friday the 13th of October 1972, a charter plane carrying 45 rugby team members crashed in the remote Andes Mountains. For 72 days, the world thought they were dead. But what 16 survivors endured was far worse than death, driven to what would become headline-making acts of cannibalism in their struggle for life. I Am Alive: Surviving the Andes Plane Crash presents one of the most remarkable human survival stories of all time as it has never been told before: through the first person, on-camera account of survivor Nando Parrado. Nando's simple, yet powerfully evocative storytelling allows viewers to experience the nearly two and half months of heroism and tragedy through the eyes and memories of the man who lived it. A window for viewers into the history of other stories of extreme survival, Nando's account is accompanied by new, high-resolution imagery of photos shot by the survivors throughout their ordeal, rarely seen footage of the crash site, as well as blended CGI/live action re-creations of the crash itself and the amazing struggle for survival that followed.

    • Episode 108

      History Specials: Sniper Deadliest Missions

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Get an unprecedented look at the most extreme missions of the most extreme job in the world. You have one shot, one scoped sight, one controlled breath, one squeeze of a honed trigger. In a fraction of a second, you will either be a hero who took out an enemy commander, or a lone hunter who has suddenly become the hunted. This special deconstructs and analyzes the most dangerous feats undertaken in the history of military warfare. The legendary snipers who are still alive will share never-before-told stories about their classified missions. What techniques were used by these sharpshooters? What roles did the weather conditions, terrain, weapons systems, and snipers' physiological states play in the success of each operation? Examine the painstaking process perfected by the expert marksmen who live by the credo, "One shot, one kill."

    • Episode 107

      History Specials: 9/11 State of Emergency

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      On September 11, 2001 thousands of people faced the ultimate test of judgment, courage and skill. From senior political leaders to air traffic controllers and ordinary men and women, 9/11 State of Emergency recounts the difficult split-second decisions made that fateful day. In a minute-by-minute investigation of the day's events, this HISTORY special features frank and in depth insider interviews with former National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, Acting Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Richard Myers and White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card, detailing the challenges these high-level officials faced as they sought to remain calm and gain control of events in the middle of an unprecedented crisis. 9/11 State of Emergency also features interviews with the air traffic controllers and F-16 pilots whose actions and decisions helped shape the day, as well as a conversation with family members of passengers onboard Flight 93 who were able to speak to their loved ones and pass along information that helped passengers and crew decide to launch their fight back, sparing Washington D.C. from further attack.

    • Episode 106

      History Specials: Jefferson

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      His life is a seemingly impenetrable thicket of contradictions: he enshrined the words '"All Men are Created Equal," and yet was a lifelong slave-owner; he was simultaneously a "man of the people" and the personification of the Virginia aristocrat; he was a die-hard American revolutionary who was also a dedicated lover of European culture and art; he advocated ruthless fiscal responsibility as president, yet his own finances were mired in debt. Thomas Jefferson is the most researched, most written about, most referenced, and most quoted of our Founding Fathers. And yet, somehow, he remains the most stubbornly inscrutable. Embrace and celebrate the third president's complicated life and legacy in the two-hour HISTORY documentary, Jefferson, the story of a national icon who remains, in historian Joseph Ellis' memorable phrase, "a great American Sphinx."

    • Episode 105

      History Specials: Gates of Hell

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      There are six places on Earth believed to be actual entrances into Hell. They include a volcano in Iceland, a cave in the jungles of Central America, and a lake of fire in Africa. According to ancient myth and Christian legend, each is a passage to a terrifying underworld for the damned. Even today, some believe they are still portals. Eerily, they share striking similarities. We'll visit these six locations, and along the way, reveal how the concept of Hell emerged in history and why it still evokes fear today.

    • Episode 104

      History Specials: History's Most Extreme Airports

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      A strip of land fought over for centuries by England and Spain creates a nightmare of historic proportion for airline pilots. Gibraltar Airport's powerful winds and short runway --complete with ground traffic -- make it one of the world's most treacherous. This special unpacks the problems of the world's most extreme airports and examines the engineering behind them, from territorial battles that have led to unsafe layouts, to geographical challenges and natural obstacles that make these places unfit for travel.

    • Episode 103

      History Specials: Afraid of the Dark

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Go back to a time before the invention of artificial light and experience a world petrified in the pitch of darkness...when fear ruled the night. Throughout the ages, real and imagined terror existed in the absence of light, and nighttime was anything but relaxing. Our predecessors cowered in caves to keep from being eaten alive. During the Middle Ages, brutal bandits went on the prowl and roadside ditches became death traps. Also in years past, the devil, werewolves and vampires were staunchly believed to stalk the night. With no artificial light, the black night sky of Galileo's gaze could illuminate every star without a telescope. This chilling HISTORY special AFRAID OF THE DARK explores all the reasons why the dark was so feared through the eras; takes you around the globe to places where real night still exits; and examines our modern-day fear factor when the lights go out during blackouts.

    • Episode 102

      History Specials: 10 Ways to Kill Bin Laden

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      This is the inside story of the 10 ways the US government has tried to capture or kill the most wanted man in history--Osama bin Laden. Some of the planners and military personnel involved in the hunt tell their stories, many for the first time.

    • Episode 101

      History Specials: Who Really Discovered America?

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Did other explorers beat Columbus to our shores? New evidence suggests that America may have been discovered -- and rediscovered -- by Asian, Celtic, and Polynesian tribes, among others. Dramatic recreations augment the story of these amazing journeys.

    • Episode 100

      History Specials: The Real Robin Hood

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Robin Hood is the inspiration for more movies, radio and TV programs than any other folk hero, but the man in tights and a feathered cap is a recent addition to the myth. The Real Robin Hood probes the fascinating story behind the marauding vigilante of English folklore. In reality, the character is a composite of actual historical figures whose exploits date back to the Crusades, a dark time of tremendous brutality. Coinciding with the 5/14/10 Universal release of the film Robin Hood starring Russell Crowe and Cate Blanchett, director Ridley Scott will also produce this dynamic two-hour television special. The Real Robin Hood features highlights from the film, as well as interviews with Ridley Scott, Russell Crowe and renowned historians.

    • Episode 98

      History Specials: The Real Face of Jesus

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Many people believe Jesus Christ was buried in the Shroud of Turin, an ancient linen cloth that bears traces of blood and the faint, ghostly image of a man. In May 2010, this holy relic will be put on public display for the first time in ten years. As new data reveals an astonishing, three-dimensional, sculpture-like figure embedded in the shroud, a team of graphic artists works diligently to bring that image to life. Using the principles of physics, today's digital technology, and the revolutionary CGI process that reconstructed Abraham Lincoln in the HISTORY special, "Stealing Lincoln's Body," "The Real Face of Jesus" takes a fascinating journey from the realm of creativity and imagination into that of science and technology. Can HISTORY unlock the secrets of one of the world's most scrutinized and controversial artifacts to unveil a startling, life-like composite, from head to toe, of who many believe to be Jesus Christ?

    • Episode 97

      History Specials: Samurai

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      More than 350 years after his death, Miyamoto Musashi is celebrated in Japan as a national hero. The ultimate warrior of the Samurai era, his innovative fighting style is still taught and used by martial artists today. In the two-hour special Samurai, HISTORY follows modern-day martial artist and actor Mark Dacascos as he journeys to Japan in search of the life and legacy of this enigmatic warrior. Musashi's inventive style of combat was so effective that even modern businessmen the warriors of the 21st century model their cutthroat culture on his philosophies of strategic warfare. Yet by the end of his violent life of killing, Musashi had become a celebrated artist, poet and philosopher. In his search for the samurai spirit, Dacascos visits iconic Japanese landmarks associated with Musashi's legendary battles, learns the secret ancient craft of forging a samurai sword, and rides in a simulated battle wearing genuine centuries-old samurai gear. He also meets and trains with modern-day masters of the great warrior's renowned two-sword fighting style, and travels to the place where Musashi spent his final, redemptive years of peaceful reflection as an artist and author.

    • Episode 96

      History Specials: Apocalypse Island

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Archaeologist Jim Turner was island-hopping somewhere near the Marshall or Solomon Islands when he discovered a giant monolith he claims the Mayans believed their Gods would descend to observe the end of the world. Hidden for centuries to all but a handful of people, Mayan symbols on the statue predict the site to be the best vantage point for observing the total solar eclipse they believe will signal the dreaded 2012 apocalypse. The shock is that the island is located in the South Pacific, a long way from home for the Mayans, who are thought to have been a non-seafaring people. How could the Mayans have navigated so far across the sea to this location, and how could they have known their destination? Travel with HISTORY to this hidden place, where Turner, who spent ten years preparing for this expedition, will attempt to prove the significance of the ancient statue through extensive analysis, including carbon dating techniques to pinpoint the era when the rock was carved and where it came from, and interviews with elders of the ancient tribe that has called this the island home for centuries.

    • Episode 95

      History Specials: After Armageddon

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      It is inevitable that disaster will someday strike America on an unprecedented level. What have past acts of destruction taught us about what will happen to mankind after the apocalypse? History's most dramatic events Hiroshima, 9/11, Hurricane Katrina and others are examined and analyzed with hard data gathered from their massive aftereffects in the new HISTORY special After Armageddon. The disappearance of water and food supplies, the effects of deteriorated sanitation and health care on the remaining population, and the increased use of violence as a means of survival all illustrate how societies have responded and survived. Can history prepare us for the next Armageddon?

    • Episode 94

      History Specials: Sniper: Inside the Crosshairs

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The deadliest weapon on the battlefield is neither bullet nor gun; it's the lone sniper. Journey inside the science and psychology behind the greatest shots in military history, through the scope of the world's most extreme marksmen. Deconstruct the missions, ranging from Vietnam to Iraq to Afghanistan, presented by the men who were there and pulled the trigger. For the first time on American television Canadian sniper Robert Furlong, tells the story of his history-making shot in Afghanistan--striking a Taliban fighter from 1.5 miles away. Ballistics... Tactics... Weaponry... Stalking... This two-hour special examines these critical components in vivid detail, combining interviews with cinematic reenactments, CGI and present day shooting demonstrations to put the viewer squarely inside the crosshairs.

    • Episode 93

      History Specials: Earth 2100

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Easter Island, the Mayan ruins, and the abandoned pueblos of Chaco Canyon all stand as haunting monuments to extinct civilizations. Each of these societies collapsed because of man-made ecological disasters. Each confronted choices chillingly similar to the ones we face today. Are we living in the last century of our civilization?

    • Episode 92

      History Specials: The People Speak

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Using dramatic and musical performances of the letters, diaries and speeches of everyday Americans, The People Speak focuses on the concept of democracy based on the lives and experiences of ordinary Americans who, through their words and actions, changed the course of history. Narrated by Howard Zinn and based on his bestselling book, A People's History of the United States, and Voices of a People's History, this groundbreaking documentary film illustrates the relevance of these passionate historical moments to our society today, reminding us that democracy is not a spectator sport and to never take liberty for granted. A journey from the founding of this country to the civil rights movement and beyond, The People Speak uses star power to celebrate democracy: executive producer Matt Damon reads from The Declaration of Independence; Bruce Springsteen performs Woody Guthrie'sThis Land is Your Land; while other accomplished performers, including Morgan Freeman, Marisa Tomei, Josh Brolin, Viggo Mortensen, Kerry Washington, Bob Dylan and Eddie Vedder lend their voices to help re-create the emotional impact of these moments in history.

    • Episode 91

      History Specials: Surviving the Holidays With Lewis Black

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Join ever-acerbic comedian Lewis Black on an odyssey through history to rediscover and understand the origins of the "Big Four" holidays - Thanksgiving, Christmas, Chanukah and New Year's. Once the "happiest season of all," it's hard to deny that the 35 days between Thanksgiving and New Year's have become weighed-down with enough stress and anxiety - the shopping, the wrapping, the eating, the drinking, the card-writing, the obligations, the office parties, the pressures, the bills - to make even the most cheery holiday-goers bitter. What's with Thanksgiving, Chanukah, Christmas, and New Year's? Are we losing touch with our most important holidays and with what made them, well...holidays? And what can we do about it? Armed with history and humor, and filled with the knowledge and advice of experts and fellow comedians, Surviving the Holidays with Lewis Black targets the holidays in an effort to preserve the ideals they are meant to represent, and to help us all relax and reconnect with the joy of the season.

    • Episode 90

      History Specials: Jesse James' Hidden Treasure

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      He was one of the most fabled antiheroes of the Old West, a complicated figure whose outlaw reputation captured the imagination of a nation. In central Kansas, a treasure hunt is underway that could call into question much of what we think we know of him. What happened to the gold Jesse James stole? Can any part of it be found? And if so, does it suggest that Jesse James was more than a bandit stealing for his own personal gain? Was he, in fact, a clandestine member of a powerful Confederate secret society determined to help the South rise again? Follow in Jesse James’ Hidden Treasure a team of amateur historians as they search for James’ secret treasure in an attempt to discover new truths about the American legend, including why he robbed, and when he died.

    • Episode 89

      History Specials: Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      When the Berlin Wall was built with a few railway cars and a lot of barbed wire in August 1961, no one could have foreseen its rise and fall. In this two-hour special, HISTORY? uses computer imagery to reconstruct how the wall grew from a mere and far-from-mighty obstacle to seven concentric walls with ditches, fences, signal wires, tank-traps and a flood-lit death strip patrolled by half-starved dogs - a nearly impenetrable barrier with a 96-mile circumference, 245 bunkers and 302 watchtowers. The Rise and Fall of the Berlin Wall gets firsthand accounts from the people who tried to escape this "Wall of Death" by any means possible, including tunnels, hot air balloons, wind surfing boats, bi-planes and a cable railway. Additional interviews with border guards, security officials who designed the wall and Stasi men who protected it, politicians, historians and journalists help breathe life into this infamous border.

    • Episode 88

      History Specials: The Real Wolfman

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      In the mid 1700s, a mysterious beast viciously attacked and killed 102 villagers in the French village of Gevaudan. The victims, mostly women and children, were mauled and decapitated, their naked bodies all bearing the bite marks of a non-human creature. The killings mark the largest number of alleged werewolf attacks in history and are the basis of the Hollywood Wolfman legend. Venture deep into the mythology and folklore of werewolves with renowned cryptozoologist Ken Gerhardt and veteran criminal profiler George Deuchar as they investigate this reviled creature that brutally kills when the moon is full. In their investigation, they uncover intriguing paranormal transformations, diseases that make men look and act like animals, strange but true stories of children raised by wolves and, eventually, the dark side of human nature in the horrific truth behind the Gevaudan werewolf attacks.

    • Episode 87

      History Specials: The Kennedy Assassination: 24 Hours After

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      In 2009, 46 years after he was shot, JFK will be gone for as long as he was alive. While the moments and hours after his tragic assassination were some of the most formative and important for our country, that story has rarely, and only partially, been told. For the first time, using never-before-seen transcripts only recently made public, this film pieces together the 24-hour period after those fateful shots were fired. The timeline reveals startling new information about the death of the president and the dramatic transfer of power to his successor, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson. From new details about when JFK really died, to the truth behind LBJ's oath of office photo on Air Force One, The Kennedy Assassination: 24 Hours After uncovers an unfamiliar story born out of one of the most crucial days in American history.

    • Episode 86

      History Specials: Death Masks

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Faces...and facts...fleshed out from the grave. Unprecedented technology brings to life extraordinary mirror images and powerful last impressions of history's most powerful men. Every line, every wrinkle, every expression tells a story. Forensic-science and anthropology experts have identified that history's most relevant figures left behind highly-detailed casts of their faces, created at their moment of death, to preserve their souls and physical memory for eternity. Using advanced facial-reconstruction techniques and 3-D imprint detailing, these death masks render an exact replica of every feature, and an intimate look at how their characteristics affected their lives. Includes startling new insights into the persistent mysteries surrounding these historic icons like Julius Caesar, Abraham Lincoln, Napoleon and George Washington, and just may reveal some secrets these men preferred to conceal.

    • Episode 85

      History Specials: Crime Wave: 18 Months of Mayhem

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      John Dillinger, Machine Gun Kelly, Baby Face Nelson, and Bonnie and Clyde are some of the most notorious criminals of the last century. Technological advances like the Tommy Gun, V-8 engines with electric starters, and bulletproof vests often gave the robbers the advantage over the police. A spree of robberies, killings and kidnappings during an 18-month period from 1933 to 1934 shook the nation to its core. The government responded with a war on crime that began with America's first national police force and the rise of the FBI. HD location photography, archival footage and evocative recreations are used to transport the viewer back to this era and to capture the hectic pace of this crime wave.

    • Episode 84

      History Specials: What Went Down: Pearl Harbor

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Experience what it would have been like to be present at history's most world-changing moments in What Went Down, the gripping series from HISTORY that serves as an HD time machine to the past. From the showdown at the Alamo to the cockpit of a Japanese plane at Pearl Harbor, What Went Down brings crucial historical events vividly to life. With the help of top CGI artists and on-location experts, each detail of these earth-shaking moments is meticulously investigated and researched, allowing viewers to see history from firsthand angles and points of view, as if they were there themselves. Watch as Bill Chemerka, founder of the Alamo Historical Society, helps a production team re-create a view from above that would have been impossible to see in 1836, and follow Dr. Donald Goldstein on a site survey in Pearl Harbor to see the lucky shot that sunk the USS Arizona battleship on December 7th, 1941. Witness these crucial periods in history as never before what they looked like, what they sounded like what went down.

    • Episode 82

      History Specials: What Went Down: The Alamo

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Experience what it would have been like to be present at history's most world-changing moments in What Went Down, the gripping series from HISTORY that serves as an HD time machine to the past. From the showdown at the Alamo to the cockpit of a Japanese plane at Pearl Harbor, What Went Down brings crucial historical events vividly to life. With the help of top CGI artists and on-location experts, each detail of these earth-shaking moments is meticulously investigated and researched, allowing viewers to see history from firsthand angles and points of view, as if they were there themselves. Watch as Bill Chemerka, founder of the Alamo Historical Society, helps a production team re-create a view from above that would have been impossible to see in 1836, and follow Dr. Donald Goldstein on a site survey in Pearl Harbor to see the lucky shot that sunk the USS Arizona battleship on December 7th, 1941. Witness these crucial periods in history as never before what they looked like, what they sounded like what went down.

    • Episode 81

      History Specials: Day After Disaster

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Against a morning sky, a mushroom cloud spirals heavenward. A nuclear bomb has detonated in the heart of Washington D.C., incinerating 15,000 residents in just 15 seconds. More than 50% of the population living within a half-mile radius of the explosion is either dead or severely injured. The next 24 hours will determine whether the rest of the city lives or dies. To survive this horrific ordeal they will need a plan. And lucky for them there is one. But will it work? For the first time on television, the Department of Homeland Security reveals its most detailed plan to save America should terrorists go nuclear. Day After Disaster is a chilling two-hour special that delves into the complex and highly secretive world of disaster planning. We've seen what can go wrong when federal, state and local agencies fail to respond to disaster in an organized and timely manner. But what must go right when the unthinkable happens a 10-kiloton nuclear blast in the middle of an American city?

    • Episode 80

      History Specials: Mysteries of the Freemasons: The Beginning

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Suspected throughout their long history of plotting to overtake the world, accused of fomenting revolution, and reviled as devil worshippers that stole King Solomon's treasure, the Freemasons claim they're merely a civic-minded fraternity, bound together by harmless rituals. Our high-energy cocktail of dramatic reenactment, expert interviews, and on-location footage entertains historians Akram Elias, Stephen Bullock, and Brent Morris to retell the Freemasons' central myth concerning Hiram Abiff, mythical builder of Jerusalem's Temple of Solomon. During construction, he was killed by three workers who believed his "secret" would impart magical powers--representing the three evils against which Freemasons believe they're still struggling: ignorance, fanaticism, and tyranny. Today, the world's 2.5 million Freemasons meet to reenact the ritual of Hiram's murder as the initiation ceremony for the main rank of Master Mason.

    • Episode 79

      History Specials: Mysteries of the Freemasons: America

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Is America the creation of the Freemasons? For hundreds of years, suspicions of a plot to take over America have swirled around the Freemasons, the world's oldest secret society. Freemasons led the Revolution, framed the Declaration of Independence and Constitution, designed our nation's capital, and in the early years of the Republic, grew to unmatched heights of influence and power. The untold story of the Freemasons in America reveals secret codes, patterns in the sky, murder, and a radically new picture of the nation's Founding Fathers. We'll explore this remarkable story through dramatic reenactments, expert interviews, sophisticated CGI, and original location documentary footage. Features historians Stephen Bullock, Dan Burstein, Brent Morris, Akram Elias, and author David Shugarts. But will a rational view reveal the Freemasons as an important and honorable thread in the fabric of America?

    • Episode 78

      History Specials: Angels & Demons Decoded

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Investigate the fascinating truths behind Dan Brown's (The Da Vinci Code) first novel. From centuries-old secret societies to real-world cryptography, from the high-stakes intrigue surrounding the installation of a new Pope to the sometimes uneasy relationship between the Vatican and leading scientists, this special will thrill and inform viewers about this monumental time in world history. The clues Brown's hero Robert Langdon follows in frantic pursuit of the Illuminati will inspire further investigation--into religious conspiracies and the Freemasons, secret "codes" hidden in Roman architecture and artwork--as well as controversial theories about religious iconography. Features scenes from the new movie as well as interviews with renowned symbologists, art historians, religious scholars, scientists and other experts will help unravel the mysteries and expose the diabolical plot to destroy the Church.

    • Episode 77

      History Specials: The Knights Templar

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      For nearly two centuries, the Knights Templar was the most powerful order in the medieval world. Despite the Knights' long reign of power, the order experienced a sudden collapse in the early fourteenth century when certain members stood accused of unspeakable crimes and were subsequently tortured and killed. Today, the group's legacy has been popularized in the writings of Dan Brown, and is played out in an array of Hollywood blockbusters and numerous other works of literature. This insightful program from HISTORY interviews some of the world's leading biblical scholars and visits historic sites throughout Europe and the Near East to probe the remarkable rise and rapid descent of this powerful and obscure order. Did the Knights Templar, as many believe, guard the Holy Grail? Or was the object of their attentions buried a thousand years before the birth of Christ?

    • Episode 76

      History Specials: Holy Grail In America

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Has the Holy Grail been in America all along? In 1898, a Minnesota farmer clearing trees from his field uprooted a large stone covered with mysterious runes that tell a story of land acquisition and murder. The stone allegedly dates back to 1362. Initially thought to be a hoax, new evidence suggests the find could be real, and a clue that the Knights Templar discovered America 100 years before Columbus, perhaps bringing with them history's greatest treasure...the Holy Grail. Watch as experts use erosion studies on the rune stone and match symbols in Templar ruins all over Europe to support this theory. Though the Knights Templar were long thought to have been massacred, stones with similar markings have been found on islands across the Atlantic Ocean, and in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Is it possible the Knights Templar escaped on an incredible journey and were leaving clues to the whereabouts of the stone? Find out in the HISTORY wo-hour special, Holy Grail in America.

    • Episode 75

      History Specials: The Templar Code

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      For nearly two centuries, the Knights Templar were the medieval world's most powerful order, a fearsome and unstoppable Crusader militia. Then came accusations of unspeakable crimes. Who were the Templars, really? How did they become so powerful, so fast, and why did they fall just as quickly? Evidence hints that the Templars excavated under Jerusalem's Temple of Solomon. What did they find there? Was it, as The Da Vinci Code suggests, the true identity of the Holy Grail--the bloodline of Christ? Or an unimaginable treasure, documented in the Dead Sea Scrolls, buried 1,000 years before Christ's birth? We explore the Templar's origin, how they lived, trained, fought and became a medieval world power, and the suspicious circumstances behind their sudden downfall. Plus, we reveal why these warriors, dead for seven centuries, and their treasure still populate Hollywood blockbusters. Narrated by Ed Herrmann and featuring preeminent Templar authors.

    • Episode 74

      History Specials: Manson

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      He was the mastermind of the most notorious murders in U.S. history, a crazed guru who terrified the world and plunged the city of Los Angeles into a state of paranoia and panic. This two-hour docudrama from HISTORY? takes viewers deep inside Charles Manson's twisted world of hate, fear, and mind control to tell the story of how one man transformed a harmless group of hippies into a gang of brutal murderers. Intertwining first-person accounts with rare archive footage, Manson: 40 Years Later looks back at the nine months leading up to and including the brutal murder of Sharon Tate, the Manson family's most famous victim, four decades after her bludgeoning. It features key Manson family member Linda Kasabian, who was at the scene of the Sharon Tate murders as lookout and getaway driver, in her first interview in 20 years, as well as interviews with fellow Manson family member Catherine Share; Vincent Bugliosi, the lead prosecutor who wrote Helter Skelter: The True Story of the Manson Murders; and Deborah Tate, Sharon Tate's sister.

    • Episode 73

      History Specials: Hotel Ground Zero

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      There is an untold story from 9/11--the incredible tale of the 940 tourists, visitors and staff in the Marriott WTC Hotel, located beneath and between the Twin Towers, who found themselves at the epicenter of a terrifying disaster. Despite jet engines and burning debris raining down on the building, somehow almost all of the hotel guests escaped. Of those who were still trapped inside, 14 miraculously survived the towers' devastating collapse. Hear the remarkable story of their escape, and the courage and heroism of the victims and their rescuers.

    • Episode 72

      History Specials: Sex In the Ancient World: Pompeii & Egypt

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Peer into the sex life of the ancients, from the princes and queens of Egypt to the prostitutes of Pompeii, in these two revealing episodes of Sex in the Ancient World. Observe with HISTORY the world's first sex manual, the Egyptian Turin Papyrus, and a wonderfully preserved brothel in Pompeii where pleasure-seeking male and female clients expressed multiform desires. From Egypt's fascinating tombs and temples, where the sex lives of the ancient Egyptians have been hidden from history for centuries, to the backstreets of Pompeii, where the perfectly preserved imprints of prostitutes' sandals, designed to leave arrows with the words this way on the dusty streets, Sex in the Ancient World Egypt and Pompeii make public the once concealed practices and private pleasures of these earliest of civilizations.

    • Episode 71

      History Specials: Sex In '69: Sexual Revolution In America

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Travel back to 1969 and uncover fascinating trends, people and events that forever changed the way Americans think about and have sex. Viewers will travel from the Playboy Penthouse in Los Angeles to San Francisco's Hippie crash pads, New York's Gay bathhouses, the boardwalk in Atlantic City, a court room in Miami, and other spots across America to meet some of the women and men who found themselves caught between old values and new desires in 1969, and decided to do something about it. Some of them, like Playboy publisher Hugh Hefner, actors Dyan Cannon and Jim Brown, and Ray Manzarek of The Doors, will be famous. Others will be average Americans whose lives were transformed by the sexual tides coursing through the nation as the Sixties came to a close. But they will all have one thing in common--they will all have fascinating stories to tell.

    • Episode 70

      History Specials: Crumbling of America

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Throughout world history, great civilizations have survived and extended their rule through dependence on great infrastructures. Rome had its roads and aqueducts. The Mayans had their pyramids and palaces. But what happens when society neglects its infrastructure? Right now, the U.S. infrastructure is collapsing and it impacts every single person in this country. In the first half of the 20th century, our bridges, highways, tunnels, dams, levees, ports, water and gas pipelines were built during the greatest age of construction the world had ever seen. But now these steel and concrete achievements are deteriorating. More than 70,000 of our nation's bridges are rated structurally deficient. Massive grid failures have left millions in the dark. 25,000 miles of commercial navigable waterways and locks have exceeded their 50-year design life. Everything from dilapidated levees to pipelines to railroads is past their expiration date.

    • Episode 69

      History Specials: Art of War

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      "All warfare is based on deception. Therefore, when capable of attacking, feign incapacity; when active in moving troops, feign inactivity. When near the enemy, make it seem that you are far away; when far away, make it seem that you are near." - Sun Tzu Sun Tzu was the Nostradamus of warfare and his book Art of War, written 2,400 years ago, is still the ultimate how-to guide for winning at war. This feature-length HISTORY special weaves together the epic story of Sun Tzu himself, and a war that occurred soon after his death in which a city was saved using his tactics, paving the way toward the unification of China. Art of War is an emotional, epic and ultimately visual understanding of Sun Tzu's lessons, telling the story of other great battles in history, from Rome to the Civil War, WWII and the present day, that help to illustrate that on the battlefields of war, people who understand strategy are the most dangerous weapons of all.

    • Episode 68

      History Specials: Unsung Heroes of Pearl Harbor

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      America's myth makers don't like to look into defeats for their heroes. The disaster at Pearl Harbor was such a national humiliation that its chroniclers didn't care to remind the home front of its dead and ravaged. And never mind how hard and how well many of them had fought back, mostly unseen and unhonored. This program repays a debt long outstanding. The special shows that the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was so overwhelming in its surprise and force that almost every United States soldier, sailor or Marine that rallied himself to resist it made himself part of a doomed and heroic last stand. It describes how badly these unsung heroes were let down by luck, fate and bureaucracy, shining even brighter light on their valor. The gripping special takes the viewer to the actual locations where unsung heroes fought and died, with live blow-by-blow accounts of the tragedy. The viewer visits the ambushed airfields where a whole air force died on the ground, the string of mooring quays still in place holding the ghosts of sunken battleships, the greatest of the American memorials above the annihilated Arizona ... and the forgotten memorial where the Utah and her crew died with honor. The thundering details of the doomed and epic run for the sea of the Nevada, and the horrific entombment and rescue of sailors in the capsized Oklahoma come out of the mouths of the men who lived that terrible day.

    • Episode 67

      History Specials: Titanic's Achilles Heel

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      1912 sinking of the RMS Titanic has inspired years of conjecture and speculation, including numerous conflicting theories about how and why the liner plunged into the depths. In August 2005, a HISTORY expedition to Titanic, led by John Chatterton and Richie Kohler, found two huge intact sections of the ship's bottom, the original red paint still on them. Based on preliminary analysis of these pieces, a panel of experts led by naval architect Roger Long concluded that, due to a previously unknown design flaw, the world famous vessel broke apart earlier in its sinking than had been thought. When Chatterton and Kohler's research vessel is recalled by the Russian government on a 2006 return trip to the Titanic wreck, the duo heads to Greece to dive Titanic's lost sister ship, the Britannic. Titanic's Achilles Heel examines the hypothesis they formed while there that Titanic did have a fatal design flaw, and the Britannic was quietly modified in order to correct the problem. Watch in this revealing special as the HISTORY team continues its work, and answers emerge slowly from the murky depths of the Mediterranean Sea.

    • Episode 66

      History Specials: Underwater Universe

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Throughout history, tidal waves have drowned us, storm surges have sunk cities, and hurricanes and cyclones fueled by the ocean have blown away all in their path. Today, science forecasts that the oceans are getting fiercer, rising up to reshape our coastlines and create untold devastation, social unrest and economic crisis. Underwater Universe tracks the history and evolution of the ocean's seven deadliest zones locations that throughout history have been the direct cause of human devastation by floods, tsunamis, hurricanes, whirlpools, ice, underwater volcanoes, and shipping graveyards. Using expedition footage, 3D animation, and commentary from leading oceanographers, HISTORY helps depict the awesome cosmic and geological fluctuations that make the oceans deadly over time. See how, with advances in navigation, engineering, and meteorology, people today have learned to avoid some of these catastrophes. But our sophisticated technologies have also created new threats, and the possibility that our own actions are making the oceans deadlier is becoming greater.

    • Episode 65

      History Specials: The Unreal Story of Pro Wrestling

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Is Pro Wrestling on the level or is it fake? And, if it's fake, was it ever really real to being with? THE UNREAL STORY OF PROFESSIONAL WRESTLING traces the evolution of an American ritual from respectable sport to performance art. The two-hour A&E documentary examines the world's oldest sport from both a historical and sociological point of view. Featured are such wrestling legends and innovators as Strangler Lewis, Gorgeous George, Killer Kowalski, The Fabulous Moolah, Andre the Giant and Hulk Hogan. Interviewees include stars of yesterday and today.

    • Episode 64

      History Specials: The Guns of Afghanistan

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The history of Afghanistan is a history of resistance. The small country's strategic location at the heart of central Asia has made it the target of such formidable invaders as Alexander the Great, the British Empire and the Soviet Red Army. For centuries, defiant Afghan warriors have repelled foreign aggressors through a combination of unconventional tactics and the adoption and mastery of increasingly advanced weaponry. In this episode of "Tales of the Gun," leading historians, weapons experts, veterans of both the Afghan and Soviet armies and the former chief of the CIA Afghan Task Force discuss the unique history of firearms in Afghanistan. Some of the many weapons covered include the indigenous Jezail flintlock musket, the ubiquitous AK-47 assault rifle imported from Russia and the Stinger anti-aircraft missile supplied to Mujahideen rebels by the CIA in the 1980's.

    • Episode 63

      History Specials: Titanic's Final Moments

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      In August 2005, John Chatterton and Richie Kohler, hosts of THC's "Deep Sea Detectives," led an expedition to the wreck of RMS Titanic. Diving 2 ½ miles down in Russian submersibles, they searched outside the known debris field for new evidence. On their final dive they made an extraordinary find: two large intact sections of Titanic's bottom hull, in pristine condition with the red bottom paint still on them.

    • Episode 62

      History Specials: Secret Societies

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      They are the subject of controversy and curiosity, clandestine organizations with members that include incredibly powerful individuals, political leaders and the super-rich. Delve into the tightly guarded world of secret societies as HISTORY attempts to lift the veil of mystery surrounding groups like the Skull & Bones, Bilderbergs, Tri-Lateral Commission and Council on Foreign Relations. Who belongs to these groups? What are their goals? Why are they so secretive? And do they, as a growing number of people believe, really exert an influence over our lives through a process that is largely invisible? Historians examine a number of these groups, both past and present, and help document what is known about their origins and aims. Hear from conspiracy theorists who believe these secret societies are scheming to take over the world and others who contend that they already have, and heed the warnings from some who believe the fears about these organizations may be justified.

    • Episode 61

      History Specials: Ripped Off: Madoff and the Scamming of America

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      In this hour, experts dissect the Bernie Madoff $50 billion Ponzi scheme -- how it began, how it was carried out, and how the government missed it. What Madoff did is compared and contrasted with other Ponzi schemes throughout history and the economic climate and historical context in which they appear.

    • Episode 60

      History Specials: Crash: The Next Great Depression?

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      This special looks at the current economic meltdown in the US and compares and contrasts it with what led up to the Great Depression, the 1929 Crash, its immediate aftermath and what helped to bring us out of the Depression. Threading first person accounts with expert interviews, the special lets viewers understand how much history is repeating itself and what does history tell us about our future?

    • Episode 59

      History Specials: Heroes of Iwo Jima

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The story of two photos taken during the brutal WWII battle of Iwo Jima--one, the famous photo of five U.S. Marines and one Navy corpsman raising the flag atop Mt. Suribachi; the other, also shows flag-raisers, but is largely forgotten. Battle veterans tell the story through letters, interviews, and poignant recollections, and what they say may surprise viewers. To the men of Iwo Jima, the Mt. Suribachi photo, which stirs feelings of pride in many Americans, has been tainted by decades of distortion.

    • Episode 58

      History Specials: How Bruce Lee Changed the World

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      One of the most influential martial artists of the 20th century, Bruce Lee blazed across movie screens with charisma and speed, introducing martial arts to mainstream America and changing the way Asian American men were portrayed in films. Influenced by one of the world's most ancient cultures, he went on to influence the modern world. How Bruce Lee Changed the World provides new insight into the legendary martial artist, fascinating teacher and celebrated actor. Starring in television's The Green Hornet as the sidekick Kato, Lee went on to make two of the most successful Asian films ever Fists of Fury and Way of the Dragon. In a tragic turn of events, Lee mysteriously died three weeks before the debut of Enter the Dragon, his only U.S. film. With seldom-seen interviews, rare home movies, and commentary from those he influenced most, such as John Woo, Brett Ratner, LL Cool J, Stan Lee and Jackie Chan, How Bruce Lee Changed the World helps uncover the man behind the legend.

    • Episode 57

      History Specials: Beltway Unbuckled

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Did you know that an extramarital affair launched the Civil War? Or that one of the things that made George Washington so appealing as a presidential choice was his sterility? Beltway Unbuckled explores the fascinating ways sexual politics have impacted and created American history. Many people think that the 2008 presidential election is the first time that sex and gender have played a role in American history, but that is far from the truth. In Beltway Unbuckled, we learn surprising and intriguing information about the lesser known facts that have shaped our country's history.

    • Episode 56

      History Specials: Hunting Hitler

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The target of a daring assassination plot by members of his military, Hitler nearly died at Wolf's Lair, his main wartime headquarters. It was one of 15 known attempts on his life. This is the story of those diverse individuals who tried to alter history's course, and of a top secret British plot to kill the most hated man on earth.

    • Episode 55

      History Specials: Plotting to Kill Hitler

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The course of history could have been so different if the first plot to kill Adolf Hitler, in 1939, had been successful. But Hitler proved a hard man to kill. We review the many attempts on his life, and analyze what went wrong.

    • Episode 54

      History Specials: Ancient Aliens

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Is it possible that intelligent life forms visited Earth thousands of years ago, bringing with them technology that drastically affected the course of history and man's own development? Presented in the 1968 bestselling book Chariots of the Gods, by Erich von Daniken, this theory of ancient aliens rocked people's beliefs in mankind's progress. Ancient cave drawings of strange creatures, remains of landing strips in Peru, the shocking similarity of Egyptian and Mayan pyramids, and Indian texts that describe the flying machines of the gods were just a few of the strange, archaeological artifacts cited by von Daniken as proof that ancient astronauts were well known to our ancestors. Produced with the exclusive cooperation of von Daniken himself, Ancient Aliens launches all-new expeditions to seek out and evaluate this evidence, with a concentration on the latest discoveries of the last 30 years, including strange DNA findings on man's evolution and newly decoded artifacts from Egypt to Syria to South America. It is a balanced investigation into a theory some believe cannot be true, but many agree cannot be ignored.

    • Episode 53

      History Specials: The Bielski Brothers

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Living in the Soviet Republic of Belorussia during World War II, Tuvia, Asael and Zus Bielski saved more than twelve-hundred of their fellow Jews from perishing in the Holocaust, yet their story has largely gone untold. The Bielski's built an elaborate village in the woods, from which they rescued Jews and mounted guerilla attacks against the Nazis. Their forest haven included a gun workshop, a bakery, a synagogue, a communal bath and even a theater company. Containing interviews with Bielski Brigade survivors in the United States, Israel and Great Britain, we proudly pay tribute to three of the greatest unsung heroes of the Holocaust.

    • Episode 52

      History Specials: Stealing Lincoln's Body

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Before Lincoln finally came to rest in a steel-and-concrete-reinforced underground vault in Springfield, the President's body was repeatedly exhumed and moved, his coffin frequently opened. In 1876, eleven years after Abraham Lincoln's assassination, a band of Chicago counterfeiters plotted to steal Lincoln's body and hold it for ransom. Their plan was to demand $200,000 and the release of the gang's master engraver, who was in prison in Illinois. The Secret Service--recently formed to deal with the country's ballooning counterfeiting problem--infiltrated the gang with an informer. It also set in motion a cringe-inducing chain of events in which a group of well-intentioned, self-appointed guardians took it upon themselves to protect Lincoln's remains by any means necessary. This strange story of Lincoln at un-rest reveals how important this man was to so many, and perhaps our reluctance to let such a beloved and visionary leader go.

    • Episode 51

      History Specials: The French Revolution

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      18th-century France was the world's wealthiest nation with the most powerful king, best-educated population, and strongest army in Europe. But it also boasted an exploding national debt (partly due to the King's support of the American Revolution) and an increasingly restless middle and lower class. On July 14, 1789, the festering boil of discontent erupted when a ragtag mob of Parisians stormed the Bastille, seizing arms and gunpowder and instituting a decade of revolutionary ideals and a murderous cycle of carnage. The French Revolution shook the very foundations of monarchy, destroyed the last vestiges of feudalism, and planted the seeds of modern politics, diplomacy, and nationalism. Travel back to the heady days of the guillotine and meet the rebels and rebelled against, including Marie-Antoinette, Louis XVI, Maximilien Robespierre, Jean-Paul Marat, Georges Danton, and Charlotte Corday.

    • Episode 50

      History Specials: China's First Emperor

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      He would become an emperor more powerful than Napoleon, capture more territory than Alexander the Great and create the largest army the world has ever seen. In 240 B.C. Chin Shi Huang Di, ruler of the Qin Kingdom, rose to power, defeated six states and created an empire that would lay the groundwork for modern day China. Learn about the life and times of this unique leader and see what still remains of the Qin Dynasty today--from the Great Wall of China to the army of 8,000 life-sized terracotta warriors and horses that guard his empire in the afterlife.

    • Episode 49

      History Specials: Beyond the Da Vinci Code

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Is it the greatest story ever told--or the greatest story ever sold? A best-selling novel sparks a debate that could change Christianity forever. Were Jesus and Mary Magdalene married and co-leaders of their movement? Was Mary Magdalene, herself, the Holy Grail--the vessel said to hold Jesus's blood--and mother of his descendants? Did the early Church know this "truth" and deliberately mislead followers? Is there a secret, ancient society, the Priory of Sion, which still protects this bloodline? Have some of the most illustrious names in art and science been members? We examine both sides of the story--the conventional view of Christianity and the "alternate history" proposed by Brown--so that viewers can decide.

    • Episode 48

      History Specials: Nostradamus 2012

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      It's a year that many have prophesized will bring a catastrophic end to life as we know it. Whatever is in store a massive cosmic collision, a global environmental disaster, an Armageddon-like religious showdown, or a more subtle transformation many believe that 2012 will mark a major shift in the history of our planet. But what is there to substantiate such fears? A detailed, historical investigation of this chilling prophecy is the mission of Nostradamus 2012, an explosive new two-hour sequel that picks up where The Lost Book of Nostradamus left off. Is there any proof that an Earth-shattering astrological alignment will indeed happen? Is there any compelling evidence that 2012 will be a year of unprecedented, even deadly, upheaval? From the mystical realms of the Guatemalan jungles to the Hopi elders and Mayan shaman to the most respected thinkers of the modern age; from the symbology of the ancient pyramids in Mexico and Egypt to that of the gothic cathedrals and monuments of Europe, Nostradamus 2012 casts the doomsday warning in a frighteningly modern context. December 21, 2012 is bearing down on us with alarming speed. Whether or not we are able to collectively heed the warnings and affect a course to avert disaster may be the defining moment of the modern age.

    • Episode 47

      History Specials: Seven Signs of the Apocalypse

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      War, famine, plague According to the Book of Revelation in the Bible, these are three of the four horsemen of a coming apocalypse. The fourth? The anti-Christ, in human form, walking somewhere among us. Could this 2,000-year-old prophecy actually come true? And could it be about to happen today? In this fascinating special, History decodes the ancient prophecy, which consists of seven signs within seven signs within seven more signs, and examines whether any of them could be linked to real or potential occurrences today, occurrences such as asteroids, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, red tides, global warming and plagues. Explore what would happen if the seven signs prophecy were to unfold right now. A word of warning: the prophecy ends with Armageddon, the final battle between good and evil.

    • Episode 46

      History Specials: The White House: Behind Closed Doors

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The White House has been home to America's presidents and their families for more than 200 years. It is the most photographed and toured residence in the country, but inside access to television cameras is normally off limits. Now, almost half a century since Jackie Kennedy took viewers on a personal tour of the home, HISTORY goes behind the velvet ropes at America's most famous address, giving the country a long overdue look inside. Join in as President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush guide our cameras through the public places at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue, offering a glimpse of the private residence normally off-limits to cameras. Accompanying President and Mrs. Bush on the tour will be America's foremost antique experts, Leigh and Leslie Keno, of Antique Roadshow fame. Throughout the visit, some of the most intriguing questions about the White House and its famous residents will be answered. From who installed running water, to who commissioned the construction of the famous balcony off the third floor's private quarters and what happened to the White House swimming pool, The White House: Behind Closed Doors reveals the secrets of America's most recognizable residence.

    • Episode 45

      History Specials: Albert Einstein

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Although Einstein's greatest work was accomplished in 1905 when he thought up his theories of relativity and special relativity, it was 14 years before his "outside the box" principles were proven. Until then, he was ridiculed, challenged and had difficulty getting a prestigious job. Then, in 1911, Einstein figured out a way to test his theories. If he were correct, then a startling thing should happen during a solar eclipse -- the sun's rays should bend around the moon and the stars should appear to jump to a different location. Thus began a race to photograph a solar eclipse and verify the accuracy of his calculations. This didn't happen until two months after the second eclipse in 1919. The twists and turns of what happened in between these two eclipses is a great story that ends with Einstein becoming an "instant" celebrity -- at long last. We will also bring the history into "now" by talking to one or two scientists who are trying to "bend it like Einstein," people who are challenging his theories today.

    • Episode 44

      History Specials: The Brain

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The Brain is a voyage of discovery into the evolutionary history of our last biological frontier. From early civilizations' attempts at neurosurgery to today's robotic laser surgery, revolutionary new techniques are finally unlocking the story of the brain. As a result we've learned more in the last 5 years than in the past 100. Using simple analogies, real examples, and state of the art CGI this series will explain how the brain grows, show why it's so delicate and so resilient, and unravel the mystery of consciousness. We'll see life through the eyes of living case studies, from newborns to college football stars. And we'll travel inside the minds of people in extreme situations: How does a soldier make decisions under fire? What makes us good or evil? And why do autistic people like the "Rain Man" display such breathtaking skills?

    • Episode 43

      History Specials: Secrets of the Koran

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The Koran is one of the most important works ever written. For almost one billion people worldwide, it is the Holy Scripture, the word of God and his prophet. For others, it is a historical artifact that has left an indelible imprint on the world. Decoding the Past: Secrets of the Koran probes the heart of the work that many outside Islam find mysterious. This feature-length program examines the history of the verses and their implications for modern times, as well as the striking similarities and differences between the Koran and the Bible. Trace the influence of the Koran from the Golden Age of Islam to the modern rise of jihadism, and hear from top Islamic scholars and holy men as they share their insights into the work that lies at the foundation of one of the world's great religions.The History Channel provides the perfect guide to understanding the fundamental work that has shaped the Muslim faith for over 1,400 years, and will long continue to influence modern history.

    • Episode 42

      History Specials: Secrets of Kabbalah

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      An ancient, inspirational form of Jewish mysticism, Kabbalah has now reached cult-like popularity among celebrities and throughout America. But what is behind the new found fascination with this sacred body of wisdom? Once exclusively reserved for study by ultra-religious male scholars of Judaism, Kabbalah has recently become known as a multi-million dollar, celebrity-endorsed phenomenon. Secrets of Kabbalah strips away the hype and demystifies the writings that have been studied by Jewish scholars for thousands of years. Is the Kabbalah of the stars the same Kabbalah that Jewish scholars have studied for generations? Even as more and more people are seen wearing the red string bracelets associated with Kabbalah, the original teachings behind this seemingly new fad are in fact understood by precious few. The History Channel traces Kabbalah from its spiritual foundations to the present-day high-glamor incarnation in this fascinating program that debunks the myths surrounding this awe-inspiring ancient philosophy.

    • Episode 41

      History Specials: Inside Islam

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      It is the second largest of the world's great religions, and the fastest growing. Its name comes from the word for peace, yet to many Westerners it is synonymous with terror. "INside Islam" lifts the veil of mystery surrounding a misunderstood faith. Trace its roots back to the Hebrew Bible and discover how the Five Pillars, the religion's central tenets, helped spread Islam to the far corners of the world. Find out what the Qu'Ran says about war, violence and suicide, and how these words have been co-opted by extremists. And hear from experts like Khaled Abou el Fadl (Speaking in God's Name), who debate the challenges facing Islam today, including a crisis of authority and deep divisions among many sects. Illuminating, important and objective, "Inside Islam" exposes the heart of a faith mired in controversy.

    • Episode 40

      History Specials: The Exodus Decoded

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      At the very heart of Judaism, Christianity and Islam lies the story of the Exodus, an epic tale of plagues, miracles and revelations. But the truth behind these events has been obscured by faith and time--until now. After six years of unprecedented research, host Simcha Jacobovici and a team of renowned archeologists, Egyptologists, geologists, and theologians shed revelatory new light on the Exodus and the era's ruling Egyptian Dynasty. Their new theory pushes events hundreds of years earlier than previously thought, allowing age-old stories to sparkle with new perspectives and startling historical import. Using elaborate, state-of-the-art CGI, The Exodus Decoded offers a stunning virtual account of stories like the birth of Moses, the ten plagues, and the parting of the Red Sea, revealing once and for all the difference between acts of nature and the hand of God.

    • Episode 39

      History Specials: Sputnik Mania

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      October 4, 2007 is the 50th anniversary of the launch of Sputnik, the first man-made object ever to leave the atmosphere and successfully orbit the earth. By the end of that year, nothing was the same. Sputnik spurred us into an arms and space race, and forced the US to pull together an academic army of scientists and engineers. This led to the development of NASA, massive reforms in our education system, and the discoveries that enabled many of the consumer technologies on which we depend today. Sputnik Mania tells the satellite's story from America's point of view. Like today, 1957 was a time of fear. In place of Al Qaeda, dirty bombs, and the war in Iraq, there were the Soviets, hydrogen bombs, and the Cold War. The world's two superpowers were hell-bent on beating one another by any means necessary. The film leads us through the first year following the launch of Sputnik. Paralleling the shocks we felt in the aftermaths of Pearl Harbor and September 11, Sputnik Mania sings the uncannily prophetic song of the past to the tune of the present. It tells a story of great relevance to the issues of the 21st century. As the film's epilogue asks: what will be our next "Sputnik moment" -- the event that drives us to address these and other challenges?

    • Episode 38

      History Specials: Primal Fear

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Primal Fear will be a two-hour Special detailing our most pervasive and terrifying fears. Each fear -- buried alive, eaten alive, drowning, burned alive, vermin, and the unknown - will be explored by looking at its history, the science behind it, and a contemporary experience. The history will examine the roots of each fear, when the fear flourished, how the fear has changed over time, and how the fear has been manipulated to create mass hysteria; the science -- experts supported by CGI describe how the body reacts to each fear and the physiological cause of death; and the contemporary -- survivors' stories relating what a near-death experience was like. Doctors, historians, psychologists and scientists will give us perspective on our most primal fears.

    • Episode 37

      History Specials: Black Blizzard

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      On May 9, 1934, a massive storm darkened the skies over the Great Plains. As it marched east, it became a towering wall of soil and dust more than 10,000 feet high, carrying enough debris to fill dump trucks that could circle the planet twice. Watch as this two-hour special tells the fascinating story of one of the greatest environmental disasters in U.S. history, a storm that would have epic consequences for the land, the people and the country as a whole and just one of countless storms that ravaged the American heartland between 1930 and 1940. For the first time on television, scientists and special effects experts re-create these black blizzards,showing in fascinating detail how the storms formed, and how they impacted people's health and homes and the nation's economy and environment. Woven throughout the documentary are evocative stills and archival footage, remarkable first-person accounts from Dust Bowl survivors, CGI depictions of the storms, and commentary from historians, climatologists, doctors, physicists and other experts, some who say a black blizzard could happen again today.

    • Episode 36

      History Specials: God vs. Satan

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Armageddon. It is a universal theme that has spanned centuries and cultures, and has, as some say, become increasingly more relevant today. Surprisingly, however, a final chapter of this apocalyptic end has received little examination: the actual final battle between God and Satan, good and evil. The Bible points to a battlefield at Meggido in present day Israel, with each side taking a series of steps that will lead up to, and unfold, during this actual battle. What will this battle look like? Where do the stories come from, and how have they differed throughout history, between religions? God vs. Satan: The Final Battle will take viewers on a tour of the final days, and moments, as envisioned by believers of the three Abrahamic religions. Intriguingly, the ancient accounts all build on one another. Jewish beliefs about the end times are based on scripture found in the Talmud and the book of Isaiah. Christianity relies heavily on scriptures in Isaiah and adds the book of Revelation. Muslims build on Judeo-Christian tradition and find additional inspiration in the Koran and the Sunnah. This program will examine where they differ from one another and where they converge. And we'll watch as they culminate in an epic battle that will, as the texts say, usher in the end of the world as we know it.

    • Episode 33

      History Specials: First Mothers

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Who were the real powers behind the men who would be President of the United States? Who were they that even presidents trembled before them? Mothers! This feature-length special, based on the book First Mothers: The Women Who Shaped the Presidents by Time Magazine correspondent and bureau chief Bonnie Angelo, takes a look at the lives of ten mothers of world leaders, including aristocrat Sara Delano Roosevelt, pacifist Ida Eisenhower, family matriarch Rose Kennedy, stoic Hannah Milhous Nixon, courageous Dorothy Ford, Peace Corps mother Lillian Carter, actress Nelle Reagan, champion athlete Dorothy Bush, hard-living Virginia Clinton, and Barbara Bush, the former First Lady and later First Mother. Interviews with presidents, historians, and scholars shed light on the influence that these women wielded then and now.

    • Episode 32

      History Specials: Secret Access: Air Force One

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Viewers will go where only the most elite insiders from the highest levels of the US government are allowed--on board Air Force One. Discover what makes this uniquely modified Boeing 747 faster, more secure, more comfortable and more capable than any other comparable plane. Take a 20,000-mile voyage through the heart of Africa and join the crew and privileged passengers on one of Air Force One's most challenging missions.

    • Episode 31

      History Specials: The True Story of Che Guevara

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      From the Jungles of Congo to the mountains of Bolivia and streets of Havana...Che was everywhere. A righteous Robin Hood to some, a war-mongering menace to others, Che Guevara's quest to expand revolution across the globe would have armies dying to crush him, and thrust him into a life cloaked in danger, mystery and intrigue. Che's almost god-like power to inspire insurrection would also inspire CIA plots, espionage missions, and a host of covert military action. With ambitions to start a third world war, his life would finally come to an end inside a ramshackle schoolhouse in a remote village in Bolivia. The True Story of Che not only captures the making of a legend, but also sheds light on the turbulent relationship between Cuba and the United States for the past 40 years.

    • Episode 30

      History Specials: Prehistoric Monsters Revealed

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Since the beginning of time, 99% of all the animal and sea creatures that ever lived on Earth have become extinct. Watch as a paleontological forensics team employs technological devices such as CT scanning, computer imaging and x-ray beam technology to shed new light on these strange and horrifying beasts. Freakish armored carnivores, deadly murderous insects, and oversized herbivores that weighed in the tons are brought back to life in an effort to understand how they lived, and why they died. See how most species were wiped out during one of the five major extinctions in Earth's history, when the chemistry of the entire planet was altered by impacts from a comet, an asteroid, and eruptions of super volcanoes, and learn how paleontologists discovered these long-dead creatures, how they make sense of the record they left behind, and why our notions of how these monsters looked and lived are constantly changing.

    • Episode 29

      History Specials: Ancient Ink

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Tattoos are more desirable than ever but do you know who created the first tattoo or why monks in Thailand "sling ink" so their clients can have great sex? Travel the world to discover how tattooing has changed over the centuries and the many methods of tattooing that exist in the world today. Visit with Maori aborigines, who practice "carving" skin the old way, find out about getting "cut & scarred" in the underground vampire cult clubs of New York and learn about the latest and very profitable trend--people selling their flesh for advertising to the highest bidder on EBay.

    • Episode 27

      History Specials: The Lost Pyramid

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      On the edge of the Giza Plateau, a team of archaeologists is uncovering a giant pyramid. As they excavate deep into the pyramid chambers, evidence shows this is the lost fourth pyramid of Giza. Its construction five thousand years ago had been a race against time. In seven short years between gaining power and his death, the aging pharaoh Radjedef had been determined to exceed the achievements of his hated father, the great Khufu, the most powerful pharaoh Egypt ever knew. Radjedef would stamp his supremacy in this world and the next by erecting the highest pyramid ever built, towering some 60 feet above Khufu's Great Pyramid of Giza. Over the next five millennia Radjedef's pyramid was forgotten and almost buried beneath the encroaching desert sands on a remote edge of the Giza plateau, and its significance to the three great pyramids was lost. Today, the top is missing because parts of it had been removed and recycled over the millenia to build old Cairo; it was more vulnerable to man's destruction than the other three because of its more remote location. The sand had reclaimed some of the lower parts of the pyramid as well. For these reasons, archaeologists and Egyptologists did not make the connection with the pyramids at Giza until recently. Today, it's only with positive re-identification that American and English Egyptologists, including Michel Vallogia of Geneva University, Joanne Rowlands of Oxford University, and led by the Head of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, Dr Zahi Hawass, have rediscovered the fourth and greatest of the pyramids. The History Channel will have exclusive rights to the excavation itself, the final positive identification and all the scientific revelations that are being found about it. By tunnelling under the fourth pyramid and using advanced technology, including ground-penetrating radar, the experts will lay bare the structure of Radjedef's pyramid, identify its layout, and establish the individual chambers. The team will also show how the rediscovery and attribution of Radjedef's pyramid provide the missing clues to build a blue print of the Giza plateau. This includes the great raised causeways used to bring the stones to the pyramid sites; giant canals that would carry the 47 foot funeral or solar boats, which would transport the pharaoh's mummy to the pyramid; and which would then be buried next to the pyramids in order to carry the pharaohs to the stars and their afterlife. It will show the labyrinth of hidden tunnels linking the pyramids and palaces of the pharaohs. Through state-of-the-art CGI, we will, for the first time, be able to see how all four pyramids were connected, and recreate a new vision of the Giza Plateau. Interwoven through the exciting finds of this new excavation, we will tell through dramatic reconstruction the backstory of the most powerful, prolific, and arguably, the most cruel and debauched of all Egypt's dynasties.

    • Episode 26

      History Specials: How Life Began

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Explore the earliest history of our planet and how it evolved to support a rich and vibrant menagerie of creeping, crawling, walking creatures in How Life Began. Visually stunning animation supplemented with expert interviews from leading historians, geologists and physicists, plus expeditions to exotic locations combined with cutting-edge science, help tease out answers about life's origins. Was life triggered by some event (like lightning hitting a pond full of amino acids) or did it float from some distant galaxy on the back of a meteor? Can we create life in a laboratory? Journey back with HISTORY to a young Earth, with massive asteroids colliding into the planet. See single-celled organisms as they divide, mutate and evolve into other, more complex creatures. And go beyond life on Earth as today's leading scientists try to create new life.

    • Episode 25

      History Specials: The Real Tomb Hunters: Snakes, Curses and Booby Traps

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Fighting Nazis; grabbing golden treasure; fleeing angry natives; dodging pitfalls in a booby-trapped temple--we all know how fictional explorers and archaeologists spend their days. But does real life compare? We follow some of the most daring archaeologists and take on the dangers they face--Egyptian archaeologist Zahi Hawass steps into a booby-trapped tomb; American Arthur Demarest fights looters in the jungles of Cancuen; and in Chiapas, angry villagers kidnap Australian-born Peter Mathews. We also examine stories of past explorers who helped shape the "Indiana Jones" stereotype--paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews battled venomous snakes and Mongol bandits in the Gobi Desert; John Pendlebury, the British archaeologist, fought Nazis on Crete; and Sylvanus Morley, who was the first American archaeologist/spy.

    • Episode 24

      History Specials: Clash of the Cavemen

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      25,000 B.C. In Europe, arctic glaciers reach as far south as London. Massive predators are on the prowl. Across the continent, two species of primitive man struggle to survive. The Neanderthals are natural hunters, built for brute strength and well-adapted to the cold. However, they lack the understanding of technology and ability to speak in abstract terms that our species has. The Cro-Magnon, Homo sapiens are smarter but more fragile. With exciting new research in anthropology, archaeology and genetics, follow these early humans through a season of survival.

    • Episode 23

      History Specials: Breaking Vegas

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      They were "Whales"--the highest of high rollers. Treated like royalty by casinos worldwide, they won millions throughout the early to mid-1990s. And nobody had a clue that they were MIT students, part of an underground blackjack team--card counters who used mathematical wizardry to win. In this 2-hour special, we chronicle the true story of the rise and fall of the MIT Blackjack Team, featuring interviews with Ben Mezrich, author of Bringing Down the House, casino executives, security experts, and actual members of the team.

    • Episode 22

      History Specials: King

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Tom Brokaw brings to life the epic story of one of the most important figures in history. To commemorate the 40th anniversary of the death of Martin Luther King Jr., relive his remarkable journey for civil rights starting from the moment he reluctantly joined the bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. See his rise as a world figure, to his tragic death in Memphis at age 39. Interviews with Andrew Young, Harry Belafonte and Martin Luther King lll will be included. Celebrity activists such as Bono, Be Be Winans and Forest Whitaker will appear in a montage of music and historical speeches that add a contemporary flair to this historical program.

    • Episode 21

      History Specials: Crucifixion

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Throughout history, crucifixion has been one of the cruelest and most excruciating ways to die. Approximately 500 years before the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, the Persian King Darius crucified political opponents and both Alexander the Great and Caligula used crucifixion as a means of punishment and entertainment. Watch as a team of forensic experts reconstruct a 2000-year-old body using the only physical evidence of a crucifixion ever discovered. Modern day footage will show real crucifixions that take place in the Philippines. Recreations will be used along with extensive CGI animation and CSI forensic-style graphics to illustrate the different types of crucifixion techniques throughout history and how it eventually kills its victim.

    • Episode 20

      Journey to 10,000 BC

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      It was a time of cataclysmic change a disruption in the global climate unlike anything the earth had ever seen caused a flash relapse into ice-age conditions. Suddenly the temperature in North America plummeted, blizzards and ice storms took over and the mile-high glaciers of the ice age re-advanced. Mammoths, saber-tooth cats, and dire wolves were all driven into extinction...but somehow, humans survived. Using state-of-the-art computer graphics, Journey to 10,000 BC re-creates the events of this lost world and attempts to solve the mystery of mankind's continued existence. Travel with leading scientists to major mammoth and early human archaeological sites in North America as they reconstruct this ancient world one bone and artifact at a time.

    • Episode 19

      History Specials: Quest for the Lost Ark

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The existence and location of the Ark of the Covenant has remained one of the most enduring mysteries in archaeology. Professor Tudor Parfitt from London's School of Oriental and African Studies will reveal where he believes the Ark is. Parfitt is well-known for discovering that the Lemba tribe in Zimbabwe is one of the lost tribes of Israel. Follow this global quest-detective as he decodes ancient texts and pieces together clues. Ultimately he builds a picture of what he thinks the Ark looks like and where it is. The journey takes viewers through Israelite wars, Philistine shrines, Solomon's Temple and Africa to the final, critical clue which led Parfitt to its current location.

    • Episode 17

      History Specials: The Crusades: Crescent & The Cross, Pt. 2

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      In 1099 the Crusaders took Jerusalem in the bloodiest of battles, wrenching it back from the Muslims for the first time in 400 years. But, over the decades that followed, the Islamic world dreamed of fighting back. In 1144 the Muslims seized the city of Edessa from the Christians. The news reverberated back to Europe, and the Pope called for a Second Crusade. But this Crusade was a disaster. It failed to expand the Christian empire, and strengthened the resolve of the Muslims. Under their great leader, Saladin, the Muslim swept through the Christian Kingdom taking town after town. In 1187 he took Jerusalem. This shocked the west into responding, with a Third Crusade. Led by Richard the Lionheart they defeated Saladin and marched on Jerusalem. Richard failed to take the city and the Third Crusade failed.

    • Episode 16

      History Specials: The Crusades: Crescent & The Cross, Pt. 1

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      The shadow of war between Christian and Muslim hangs over us today, but it is a war that began nearly a thousand years ago. By the close of the 11th century, Jerusalem had been in Muslim hands for over 400 years. In 1095 Pope Urban II launched an unprecedented military campaign to seize it back--a "Crusade" to purge the Holy Land of "the infidel". Over 60,000 Christian warriors would journey 3000 miles and for almost three years to reclaim the Holy City in the name of God. But their adversaries, the Turkish warlords of the Middle East would resist them every step of the way. In a series of epic battles and bloody massacres, tens of thousands would die as the crusaders inched ever closer towards Jerusalem.

    • Episode 15

      History Specials: Life After People

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Explore the tantalizing question of whether all the remnants of mankind will eventually disappear from our planet. What would happen to the earth if humans ceased to exist? Would ocean life flourish, the buffalo return to the Great Plains and our skyscrapers yield to the wear and tear of time. Visit the ghostly villages surrounding Chernobyl, which were abandoned by humans after the nuclear disaster in 1986 and then travel to the remote islands off the coast of Maine to search for traces of abandoned towns that have vanished from view in only a few decades. Learn from experts in the fields of engineering, botany, ecology, biology, geology, climatology and archeology as they provide answers for many thought provoking questions.

    • Episode 14

      History Specials: The Hunt for John Wilkes Booth

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      It was the largest manhunt in history - ten thousand federal troops, detectives and police hunted those responsible for the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. The conspiracy was vast - an effort to decapitate the United States government at the end of the Civil War. The manhunt was intense - ending 12 days later in a fiery showdown with the man who pulled the trigger - John Wilkes Booth.

    • Episode 13

      History Specials: The True Story of Charlie Wilson's War

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      As incredible as anything in the pages of Tom Clancy or John le Carré, this is a gripping story of international intrigue, booze, drugs, sex, high society and arms deals. It is the true story of Texas congressman Charlie Wilson's and CIA operative Gust Avrakotos's covert dealings in Afghanistan, and how they armed the Afghan Mujahideen in what became the CIA's largest and most successful campaign in history. Their goal was to turn Afghanistan into the Soviet Union's Vietnam. The effort would blow back to haunt America into the next century.

    • Episode 12

      History Specials: Absolute Evel - The Evel Knievel Story

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      His life story reads like a soap opera script. Born Robert Craig Knievel, this wild, young man from the rough mining town of Butte, Montana dreamed of becoming rich and famous. After years of struggle, Bobbie's alter ego Evel Knievel became the world's most famous daredevil. His exploits are legendary and it's unlikely his accomplishments--or notoriety--will ever be duplicated. Now, he's paying a high price for the life he led. He lives in constant pain from the incredible abuse his body suffered during his daredevil days. As he enters the twilight of life, this 2-hour special may be his last chance at a public forum. He's a man who is outspoken, outrageous, at times hilarious, but always fascinating. From humble beginnings in Butte to iconic status and everything in between, Evel candidly shares every aspect of his life. The aging daredevil reflects on his incredible experiences and how he would like to be remembered.

    • Episode 11

      History Specials: 1968 with Tom Brokaw

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      In 1968, the fury and violence of the Democratic National Convention in Chicago propelled us toward a tipping point in politics. Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy were assassinated, America suffered its bloodiest year in Vietnam and drugs seduced us. Yet idealism--and hope--flourished. Explore the significance of that turbulent year and the way it continues to affect the American landscape. Tom Brokaw offers his perspective on the era and shares the rich personal odysseys of some of the people who lived through that chaotic time, along with the stories of younger people now experiencing its aftershocks. Includes archival footage and interviews with former Atlanta Mayor Andrew Young, who was talking to King when he was assassinated and rushed to his side to try to staunch the wound; Olympic gold medalist Rafer Johnson, who wrestled RFKs' assassin to the ground; and Arlo Guthrie, best known for his song "Alice's Restaurant.

    • Episode 10

      History Specials: Andrew Jackson

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Andrew Jackson was the first "common-man" President. Orphaned at 14, he became a lawyer with no formal education, an Army General with no military experience and President without being rich. Jackson survived the nation's first Presidential assassination attempt, defeated the British in the battle of New Orleans and passed the controversial Indian Removal Act which resulted in the death of nearly 10,000 Native Americans. His portrait on the $20 bill conveys an image of passion, strength and confidence, but most historians will admit that he was often a "cruel" man.

    • Episode 9

      History Specials: A Global Warning?

      aired: Tue, Apr 3, 2012

      Increased temperatures, sea level rise and human suffering...what's causing the Earth to warm and what might happen if we can't reverse or slow the trend? Follow climate experts from around the world as they investigate the most dramatic climatic events in history in this no-holds-barred look at global warming and its consequences. It's a story of unimaginable extremes, mass extinctions and remarkable survival. Is it possible that the Arctic was once a tropical haven with crocodiles and waters warm enough to swim in? And will Antarctic ice shelves keep collapsing? Watch as scientists race to understand the weather of our past in the hopes of preventing climate catastrophe in the future. Shot from breathtaking locations and packed with dynamic special effects and thrilling expert accounts, A Global Warning? is a can't-miss for anyone with a vested interest in the future health of planet Earth.

    • Episode 8

      History Specials: Lost Book of Nostradamus

      aired: Mon, Apr 2, 2012

      In 1994, Italian journalist Enza Massa was at the Italian National Library in Rome when she stumbled upon an unusual find. It was a manuscript dating to 1629, titled: Nostradamus Vatinicia Code. Michel de Notredame, the author's name, was on the inside in indelible ink. The book contains cryptic and bizarre images along with over eighty watercolor paintings by the master visionary himself. Follow the investigative trail of how the manuscript was found in the archives and exactly how it got there. New insight is given into the life of Nostradamus and his relationship with Pope Urban VIII, who knew about this manuscript and in whose possession it was for many years.

    • Episode 7

      History Specials: Columbus: The Lost Voyage

      aired: Mon, Apr 2, 2012

      Ten years after his famous 1492 voyage, Christopher Columbus awaited the gallows on criminal charges in a Caribbean prison. He plotted an escape--a last voyage that would restore his reputation. This last and most treacherous journey ended with the loss of all four of his ships and Columbus and his crew shipwrecked. Viewers will take a journey, through dramatic reconstruction, to the very heart of Columbus's ordeals: the lush shores of Central America; the remote beach in Jamaica where his ships washed up and the jungle where Columbus fought his own mutineers. Included are interviews with historian and explorer Martin Dugard, and with experts from the US, the Dominican Republic and the UK.

    • Episode 6

      History Specials: Secrets of Body Language

      aired: Mon, Apr 2, 2012

      Most people think they communicate primarily with words, but research shows only 7% of understanding comes from the words we speak. The bulk of communication 93% occurs through our gestures, facial expressions, tone of voice and body movement. Delve into the science of non-verbal signals as Secrets of Body Language exposes a fascinating world of non-verbal communication that goes well beyond words. From President Franklin D. Roosevelt, to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and 2008 presidential hopefuls Senators Barack Obama and John McCain, see how politicians and celebrities use the subtle movements of body language to persuade masses, establish power, and advance careers. Watch as experts, proficient in decoding how people use their bodies, their voices and their faces, deconstruct video footage of movie stars, sports figures and criminals to show the truth behind the spoken word, and see scientific experiments expose the extent to which people are manipulated by non-verbal communication, even when they are totally unaware of it.

    • Episode 5

      History Specials: Meat America

      aired: Mon, Apr 2, 2012

      Jamie Stachowski, the maestro of meat, lifts the lid on the American melting pot to see what's cooking. Beef, Pork and Chicken, the meats Jamie calls the "Usual Suspects" are definitely in the mix, but these animals weren't even on the continent before Columbus discovered the New World.

    • Episode 4

      History Specials: How the States Got Their Shapes

      aired: Mon, Apr 2, 2012

      We are so familiar with the map of United States, but do we know why our states look the way they do? Every line on the U.S. map tells a great story: California's border was bent to claw onto lucrative gold deposits; Oklahoma's panhandle reflects a shifting national barometer for legal slavery; and Kentucky, Tennessee and Virginia's shared border traces the scar of a meteor impact. How the States Got Their Shapes reveals the larger story of what makes America unique: a range of natural resources, a history of social experimentation and a thriving democracy.

    • Episode 3

      History Specials: The Plague

      aired: Mon, Apr 2, 2012

      It began like the common cold. Then fever, baseball-sized black swellings on the neck, coughing of blood. Few lived more than two days. The year--1347. It was history's worst biological disaster and almost half of Europe's population died within three years. Visit the plague ships' rat-infested holds, witness the terror that swept through the towns, and walk with the religious flagellants. Follow a princess as she travels into the center of the plague, a doctor who struggles to understand what is happening, and a Jewish merchant caught up in violent attacks. Hear the actual words of the victims, taken from diaries and journals. From the Pope's palace to the humble huts of medieval peasants, watch as people live and die in the unforgiving grip of fear and death, and wonder how we would act if such a terrible event happened today.

    • Episode 2

      History Specials: History of the Joke

      aired: Mon, Apr 2, 2012

      Get an inside look at the past, present and future of great joke-telling in this provocative journey to discover the secret ingredients of a great joke. Celebrated comedian Lewis Black's side-splitting adventure uncovers what it takes to tell the perfect joke timing, surprise, sex, pain, hard work, and plenty of humiliating failure all elements firmly rooted in ancient comedic tradition. Black not only looks to the past for the greatest joke, but finds living history among America's greatest joke tellers, including George Carlin, Robin Williams, Robert Klein, Kathy Griffin, Dave Attell and more revealing what inspires comedians to get into comedy, the historical elements of joking, including slapstick and physical comedy, and the nature of laughter. Will all this taken together the wisdom of the ancients, plus the experiences of today's hottest comedians reveal the perfect joke?

    • Episode 1

      History Specials: All About Dung

      aired: Mon, Apr 2, 2012

      Join host Monty Halls as he takes viewers on an excremental safari to investigate the historical, medical, scientific and evolutionary importance of dung. Discover that through a 14,000-year-old human dung deposit it has been determined that humans inhabited North America 1300 years earlier than previously thought. Climb a 100-foot mountain of bat guano in Borneo that is teeming with insect life. Travel to India and view housewarming rituals using sacred cow dung as good luck. Finally Halls drinks coffee made from poop and investigates, through their large droppings, why mammoths might have disappeared.

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